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1 CHAPTER 3 Adjusting the Accounts ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE Study Objectives Questions Brief Exercises Exercises A Problems B Problems *1. Explain the time period assumption. 1, 2 *2. Explain the accrual basis of accounting. *3. Explain why adjusting entries are needed. *4. Identify the major types of adjusting entries. 3, 4, 5 1, 6 1, 6, 7 1 8, 9, 10, 18 2, 8 2, 7 *5. Prepare adjusting entries for prepayments. 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 18, 19, 20 3, 4, 5, 6 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A, 6A 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B *6. Prepare adjusting entries for accruals. 8, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, , 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A, 64 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B *7. Describe the nature and purpose of an adjusted trial balance. 21 9, 10 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 1A, 2A, 3A, 5A, 6A 1B, 2B, 3B, 5B *8. Prepare adjusting entries for the alternative treatment of prepayments A *Note: All asterisked Questions, Exercises, and Problems relate to material contained in the appendix *to the chapter. 3-1

3 Correlation Chart between Bloom s Taxonomy, Study Objectives and End-of-Chapter Exercises and Problems Study Objective Knowledge Comprehension Application Analysis Synthesis Evaluation *1. Explain the time period assumption. Q3-1 Q3-2 *2. Explain the accrual basis of accounting. Q3-3 Q3-4 Q3-5 E3-6 E3-1 *3. Explain why adjusting entries are needed. Q3-1 Q3-6 Q3-7 BE3-1 *4. Identify the major types of adjusting entries. Q3-8 Q3-9 Q3-10 Q3-18 BE3-2 BE3-8 E3-2 E3-7 *5. Q3-8 Q3-20 Q3-19 Q3-13 Q3-12 Q3-11 Q3-10 Q3-9 Prepare adjusting entries for prepayments. Q3-18 BE3-3 BE3-4 BE3-5 BE3-6 E3-2 E3-3 E3-4 E3-5 P3-3A P3-2A P3-1A E3-11 E3-9 E3-8 E3-7 E3-6 P3-5B P3-4B P3-3B P3-2B P3-1B P3-6A P3-5A P3-4A E3-11 *6. Prepare adjusting entries for accruals. Q3-8 Q3-14 Q3-15 Q3-19 Q3-20 Q3-17 Q3-16 Q3-18 BE3-7 E3-2 E3-3 E3-4 E3-5 E3-6 P3-4A P3-3A P3-2A P3-1A E3-11 E3-9 E3-8 E3-7 P3-5B P3-4B P3-3B P3-2B P3-1B P3-6A P3-5A E3-11 *7. Describe the nature and purpose of an adjusted trial balance. Q3-21 BE3-9 BE3-10 E3-10 E3-3 E3-4 E3-5 E3-6 E3-7 E3-8 P3-5A P3-3A P3-2A P3-1A E3-9 P3-5B P3-3B P3-2B P3-1B P3-6A *8. Prepare adjusting entries for the alternative treatment of prepayments. Q3-22 BE3-11 E3-12 P3-6A Broadening Your Perspective Financial Reporting Exploring the Web Comparative Analysis Communication statement Financial Interpreting Case Group Decision statement Financial Interpreting Ethics Case BLOOM'S TAXONOMY TABLE 3-3

4 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS 1. ( a ) U n d e r th e t i m e pe r i o d as s u m p t i o n, an ac c o u n t a n t is r e q u i r e d to de t e r m i n e t h e re l e v a n c e of e a c h bu s i n e s s tr a n s a c t i o n to sp e c i f i c ac c o u n t i n g pe r i o d s. ( b ) An ac c o un t i n g ti m e pe r i od of one ye ar in le ng t h is re f er r e d to as a f is cal yea r. A fis c a l ye a r th a t e x t e n d s f r o m Ja n u a r y 1 to De c e m b e r 31 is r ef e r r e d to as a ca le n d a r ye a r. Ac c o u nt i n g pe r i od s o f le s s t h a n on e ye a r ar e ca l l e d in t e r i m pe r i o d s. 2. T h e tw o ge n e r a l l y ac c e p t e d ac c o u n t i n g pr i n c i p l e s t h a t re l a t e t o ad j u s t i n g th e ac c o u n t s ar e : T h e r e v e n u e r e c o g n i t i o n pr i n c i p l e, wh i c h st a t e s t h a t r e v e n u e sh o u l d be r e c o g n i z e d in th e ac - c o u n t i n g pe r i o d in wh i c h it is ea r n e d. T h e m a t c h i n g pr i n c i p l e, wh i c h st a t e s t h a t ef f o r t s ( e x p e n s e s ) be m a t c h e d wi t h ac c o m p l i s h m e n t s ( r e v e n u e s ). 3. T h e la w f i r m sh o u l d r e c o g n i z e th e r e v e n u e in Ap r i l. Th e r e v e n u e re c o g n i t i o n pr i n c i p l e st a t e s th a t r e v e n u e sh o u l d be re c o g n i z e d in t h e ac c o u n t i n g pe r i o d in wh i c h it is ea r n e d. 4. I n f o r m a t i o n pr e s e n t e d on a n ac c r u a l ba s i s is m o r e us e f u l t h a n on a ca s h ba s i s be c a u s e it r e v e a l s r e l a t i o n s h i p s th a t ar e li k e l y to b e im p o r t a n t in p r e d i c t i n g fu t u r e r e s u l t s. To il l u s t r a t e, un - d e r ac c r u a l ac c o u n t i n g, r e v e n u e s a r e r e c o g n i z e d wh e n e a r n e d so t h e y ca n be r e l a t e d t o t h e e c o n o m i c e n v i r o n m e n t i n wh i c h t h e y oc c u r. Tr e n d s i n r e v e n u e s a r e t h u s m o r e m e a n i n g f u l. 5. E x p e n s e s of \$4, sh o u l d be de d uc t e d fr o m t he r e v e n u e s in Ap r il. Un d e r t h e m a t c hi n g pr i n c i p l e e f f o r t s (e x p e n s e s ) sh o u l d be m a t c h e d wi t h ac c o m p l i s h m e n t s ( r e v e n u e s ). 6. N o, ad j u s t i n g en t r i e s ar e re q u i r e d by th e re v e n u e re c o g n i t i o n an d ma t c h i n g pr i n c i p l e s. 7. A tr i a l ba l a n c e ma y no t co n t a i n up - t o - d a t e in f o r m a t i o n fo r fi n a n c i a l st a t e m e n t s be c a u s e : ( 1 ) So m e ev e n t s ar e no t jo u r n a l i z e d da i l y be c a u s e it is un n e c e s s a r y an d in e x p e d i e n t t o do so. ( 2 ) T h e ex p i r a t i o n of so m e co s t s oc c u r s wi t h t h e pa s s a g e of ti m e r a t h e r th a n as a r e s u l t of r e c u r r i n g da i l y t r a n s a c t i o n s. ( 3 ) So m e it e m s ma y be un r e c o r d e d be c a u s e t h e t r a n s a c t i o n da t a ar e no t kn o w n. 8. T h e tw o ca t e g o r i e s of ad j u s t i n g en t r i e s ar e pr e p a y m e n t s an d ac c r u a l s. Pr e p a y m e n t s co n s i s t of p r e p a i d ex p e n s e s an d un e a r n e d re v e n u e s. Ac c r u a l s co n s i s t of ac c r u e d r e v e n u e s an d ac c r u e d e x p e n s e s. 9. In the adjusting entry for a prepaid expense, an expense is debited and an asset is credited N o. De p r e c i a t i o n is th e pr o c e s s of al l o c a t i n g th e co s t of an a s s e t to ex p e n s e ov e r it s us e f u l li f e i n a r a t i o n a l an d sy s t e m a t i c m a n n e r. D e p r e c i a t i o n re s u l t s in t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e bo o k va l u e o f t h e as s e t, n o t i t s m a r k e t va l u e D e p r e c i a t i o n ex p e n s e is an ex p e n s e ac c o u n t wh o s e no r m a l ba l a n c e is a de b i t. Th i s ac c o u n t s h o w s t h e co s t th a t ha s ex p i r e d du r i n g th e cu r r e n t ac c o u n t i n g pe r i o d. Ac c u m u l a t e d de p r ec i a t i o n i s a co n t r a as s e t ac c o u n t wh o s e no r m a l ba l a n c e is a cr e d i t. Th e ba l a n c e in t h i s ac c o u n t is t h e d e p r e c i a t i o n t h a t ha s be e n r e c o g n i z e d fr o m t h e da t e of ac q u i s i t i o n t o t h e ba l a n c e sh e e t da t e. 12. Equipment... \$18,000 Less: Accumulated Depreciation... 7,000 \$11,

5 Questions Chapter 3 (Continued) * 1 3. I n t h e ad j u s t i n g en t r y fo r a n un e a r n e d re v e n u e, a li a b i l i t y is de b i t e d an d a re v e n u e is cr e d i t e d. *14. Asset and revenue. An asset would be debited and a revenue would be credited. *15. An expense is debited and a liability is credited. * 1 6. Ne t in c om e was un de r st at ed \$3 00 be ca u s e pr i o r to ad ju s t m en t, rev e n u es ar e un d er st a t e d by \$9 00 a n d ex p e n s e s ar e un d e r s t a t e d by \$ Th e di f f e r e n c e in t h i s ca s e is \$3 0 0 (\$ \$6 0 0 ). *17. The entry is: Jan. 9 Salaries Payable... 2,000 Salaries Expense... 4,000 Cash... 6,000 *18. (a) Accrued revenues. (d) Accrued expenses or prepaid expenses. (b) Unearned revenues. (e) Prepaid expenses. (c) Accrued expenses. (f) Accrued revenues or unearned revenues. *19. (a) Salaries Payable. (d) Supplies Expense. (b) Accumulated Depreciation. (e) Service Revenue. (c) Interest Expense. (f) Service Revenue. *20. Disagree. An adjusting entry affects only one balance sheet account and one income statement account. * 2 1. F i n a n c i al st a t e m en t s ca n be pr e p a r e d f r o m an ad j u s t e d t r i a l ba l a n c e be c a u s e the ba l a n c es of al l a c c o u n t s ha v e be en ad j u st e d to sh ow th e ef f ec t s of al l fi n a n ci a l eve n t s th a t ha v e occ u r r e d du r i n g t h e ac c o u n t i n g pe r i o d. * 22. F o r Su p p li e s Ex p e n s e ( p r e p a i d ex pe n s e ): ex p e n s e s ar e ov e r s t a t e d an d as s e t s ar e un d e r s t at e d. T h e ad j u s t i n g en t r y is : Assets (Supplies)... XX Expenses (Supplies Expense)... XX F o r Re nt Re v e n u e ( u n e a r ne d re v e nu e s ): r e v e n u es ar e ov e r s t a t e d an d li a b i l i t i e s ar e und e r s t a t e d. T h e ad j u s t i n g en t r y is : Revenues (Rent Revenue)... XX Liabilities (Unearned Rent Revenue)... XX 3-5

6 SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES BRIEF EXERCISE 3-1 (a) (b) (c) Prepaid Insurance to recognize insurance expired during the period. Depreciation Expense to account for the depreciation that has occurred on the asset during the period. Unearned Revenue to record revenue earned for services provided. ( d ) I n t e r e s t P a y a b l e t o r e c o g n i z e i n t e r e s t ac c r u e d b u t u n p a i d o n n o t e s p a y a b l e. BRIEF EXERCISE 3-2 Item (a) Type of Adjustment (b) Accounts before Adjustment 1. Prepaid Expenses Assets Overstated Expenses Understated 2. Accrued Revenues Assets Understated Revenues Understated 3. Accrued Expenses Expenses Understated Liabilities Understated 4. Unearned Revenues Liabilities Overstated Revenues Understated BRIEF EXERCISE 3-3 Dec. 31 Advertising Supplies Expense... 5,000 Advertising Supplies (\$6,700 \$1,700)... 5,000 Advertising Supplies Advertising Supplies Expense 6,700 12/31 5,000 12/31 5,000 12/31 Bal. 1,

7 BRIEF EXERCISE 3-4 Dec. 31 Depreciation Expense Equipment... 6,000 Accumulated Depreciation Equipment... 6,000 Depr. Expense Equipment Accum. Depreciation Equipment 12/31 6,000 12/31 6,000 Balance Sheet: Equipment... \$30,000 Less: Accumulated Depreciation... 6,000 \$24,000 BRIEF EXERCISE 3-5 July 1 Prepaid Insurance... 12,000 Cash... 12,000 Dec. 31 Insurance Expense (\$12,000 3) x 1/2... 2,000 Prepaid Insurance... 2,000 Prepaid Insurance Insurance Expense 7/1 12,000 12/31 2,000 12/31 2,000 12/31 Bal. 10,000 BRIEF EXERCISE 3-6 July 1 Cash... 12,000 Unearned Insurance Revenue... 12,000 Dec. 31 Unearned Insurance Revenue... 2,000 Insurance Revenue... 2,000 Unearned Insurance Revenue Insurance Revenue 12/31 2,000 7/1 12,000 12/31 2,000 12/31 Bal. 10,

8 BRIEF EXERCISE Dec. 31 Interest Expense Interest Payable Accounts Receivable... 1,250 Service Revenue... 1, Salaries Expense Salaries Payable BRIEF EXERCISE 3-8 Account (a) Type of Adjustment (b) Related Account Accounts Receivable Accrued Revenues Service Revenue Prepaid Insurance Prepaid Expenses Insurance Expense Accum. Depr. Equipment Prepaid Expenses Depreciation Expense Interest Payable Accrued Expenses Interest Expense Unearned Service Revenue Unearned Revenues Service Revenue BRIEF EXERCISE 3-9 LUCILLE COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 Revenues Service revenue... \$38,400 Expenses Salaries expense... \$16,000 Rent expense... 4,000 Insurance expense... 2,000 Supplies expense... 1,500 Depreciation expense... 1,300 Total expenses... 24,800 Net income... \$13,

9 BRIEF EXERCISE 3-10 LUCILLE COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 Capital, January 1... \$15,600 Add: Net income... 13,600 29,200 Less: Drawings... 6,000 Capital, December \$23,200 *BRIEF EXERCISE 3-11 (a) Apr. 30 Supplies... 1,000 Supplies Expense... 1,000 (b) 30 Service Revenue... 2,000 Unearned Service Revenue... 2,

10 SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES EXERCISE 3-1 ( a ) A c c r u a l - b a s i s ac c o u n t i n g r e c o r d s t h e e v e n t s t h a t c h a n g e a co m p a n y s f i n a n c i a l st a t e m e n t s i n t h e p e r i o d s i n w h i c h t h e e v e n t s o c c u r r a t h e r t h a n i n t h e p e r i o d s i n w h i c h t h e c o m p a n y r e c e i v e s o r p a y s ca s h. I n - f o r m a t i o n p r e s e n t e d o n an ac c r u a l b a s i s i s u s e f u l b e c a u s e i t r e v e a l s r e l a t i o n s h i p s t h a t ar e l i k e l y t o b e i m p o r t a n t i n p r e d i c t i n g f u t u r e r e - s u l t s. Co n v e r s e l y, u n d e r c a s h - b a s i s ac c o u n t i n g, r e v e n u e i s r e c o r d e d o n l y w h e n ca s h i s r e c e i v e d, an d an ex p e n s e i s r e c o g n i z e d o n l y w h e n c a s h i s p a i d. As a r e s u l t, t h e ca s h b a s i s o f a c c o u n t i n g o f t e n l e a d s t o m i s l e a d i n g f i n a n c i a l s t a t e m e n t s. ( b ) P o l i t i c i a n s m i g h t d e s i r e a ca s h - b a s i s ac c o u n t i n g s y s t e m o v e r a n ac - c r u a l - b a s i s sy s t e m b e c a u s e i f an a c c r u a l - a c c o u n t i n g sy s t e m i s u s e d, i t co u l d m e a n t h a t b i l l i o n s i n g o v e r n m e n t l i a b i l i t i e s p r e s e n t l y u n r e - c o r d e d w o u l d h a v e t o b e r e p o r t e d i n t h e f e d e r a l b u d g e t i m m e d i a t e l y. T h e r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e s e a d d i t i o n a l l i a b i l i t i e s w o u l d m a k e t h e d e f i c i t e v e n w o r s e. T h i s i s n o t w h a t p o l i t i c i a n s w o u l d l i k e t o se e an d b e h e l d r e s p o n s i b l e f o r. (c) Dear Senator, I t i s m y u n d e r s t a n d i n g, af t e r h a v i n g t a k e n a b e g i n n i n g co u r s e i n a c c o u n t i n g pr i n c i p l e s, t h a t t h e F e d e r a l g o v e r n m e n t u s e s a ca s h - b a s i s s y s t e m r a t h e r t h a n an ac c r u a l - b a s i s a c c o u n t i n g sy s t e m. I am s h o c k e d a t su c h a p r a c t i c e! T h e r e m u s t b e b i l l i o n s o f d o l l a r s o f l i a b i l i t i e s h i d d e n i n m a n y co n t r a c t s t h a t h a v e n o t b e e n r e c o r d e d y e t f o r t h e m e r e r e a s o n t h a t t h e y h a v e n t b e e n p a i d ye t. I r e a l i z e t h a t t h e d e f i c i t wo u l d dr a m a t i c a l l y i n c r e a s e if w e we r e t o im p l e m e n t an ac c r u a l s y s t e m, b u t i n al l f a i r n e s s, w e ci t i z e n s s h o u l d b e g i v e n a m o r e ac c u - r a t e p i c t u r e o f w h a t o u r g o v e r n m e n t i s u p t o. Sincerely, CONCERNED STUDENT 3-10

11 EXERCISE 3-2 Item (a) Type of Adjustment (b) Accounts before Adjustment 1. Accrued Revenues Assets Understated Revenues Understated 2. Prepaid Expenses Assets Overstated Expenses Understated 3. Accrued Expenses Expenses Understated Liabilities Understated 4. Unearned Revenues Liabilities Overstated Revenues Understated 5. Accrued Expenses Expenses Understated Liabilities Understated 6. Prepaid Expenses Assets Overstated Expenses Understated EXERCISE Mar. 31 Depreciation Expense (\$300 X 3) Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Unearned Rent... 3,300 Rent Revenue (\$9,900 X 1/3)... 3, Interest Expense Interest Payable Supplies Expense... 1,900 Supplies (\$2,800 \$900)... 1, Insurance Expense (\$200 X 3) Prepaid Insurance

12 EXERCISE Jan. 31 Accounts Receivable Service Revenue Utilities Expense Utilities Payable Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Dental Equipment Interest Expense Interest Payable Insurance Expense (\$18,000 12)... 1,500 Prepaid Insurance... 1, Supplies Expense (\$1,600 \$600)... 1,000 Supplies... 1,000 EXERCISE Oct. 31 Advertising Supplies Expense... 1,500 Advertising Supplies... 1,500 (\$2,500 \$1,000) Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment Unearned Revenue Service Revenue Accounts Receivable Service Revenue

13 EXERCISE 3-5 (Continued) 6. Oct. 31 Interest Expense Interest Payable Salaries Expense... 1,200 Salaries Payable... 1,200 EXERCISE 3-6 OLYMPIC CO. Income Statement For the Month Ended July 31, 2005 Revenues Service revenue (\$5,500 + \$1,000)... \$6,500 Expenses Wages expense (\$2,300 + \$300)... \$2,600 Supplies expense (\$1,200 \$300) Utilities expense Insurance expense Depreciation expense Total expenses... 4,650 Net income... \$1,850 EXERCISE 3-7 Answer Computation (a) Supplies balance = \$1,150 Supplies expense \$950) Add: Supplies (1/31) 850) Less: Supplies purchased (650) Supplies (1/1) \$1,150) (b) Total premium = \$4,800 Total premium = Monthly premium X 12; \$400 X 12 = \$4,800 Purchase date = Aug. 1, 2004 Purchase date: On Jan. 31, there are 6 months coverage remaining (\$400 X 6). Thus, the purchase date was 6 months earlier on Aug. 1,

14 EXERCISE 3-7 (Continued) (c) Salaries payable = \$2,000 Cash paid \$3,000 Salaries payable (1/31/05) 800 3,800 Less: Salaries expense 1,800 Salaries payable (12/31/04) \$2,000 (d) Unearned revenue = \$1,150 Service revenue \$2,000 Unearned service revenue (1/31/05) 750 2,750 Cash received in January 1,600 Unearned service revenue (12/31/04) \$1,150 EXERCISE 3-8 (a) July 10 Supplies Cash Cash... 2,000 Service Revenue... 2, Salaries Expense... 1,200 Cash... 1, Cash Unearned Revenue (b) July 31 Supplies Expense Supplies Accounts Receivable Service Revenue Salaries Expense... 1,200 Salaries Payable... 1, Unearned Revenue Service Revenue

15 EXERCISE 3-9 Aug. 31 Accounts Receivable Service Revenue Office Supplies Expense... 1,600 Office Supplies... 1, Insurance Expense... 1,500 Prepaid Insurance... 1, Depreciation Expense... 1,300 Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment... 1, Salaries Expense... 1,100 Salaries Payable... 1, Unearned Rent Rent Revenue EXERCISE 3-10 VILLA COMPANY Income Statement For the Year Ended August 31, 2004 Revenues Service revenue... \$34,600 Rent revenue... 11,900 Total revenues... 46,500 Expenses Salaries expense... \$18,100 Rent expense... 15,000 Office supplies expense... 1,600 Insurance expense... 1,500 Depreciation expense... 1,300 Total expenses... 37,500 Net income... \$ 9,

16 EXERCISE 3-10 (Continued) VILLA COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended August 31, 2004 Capital, September 1, \$15,600 Add: Net income... 9,000 Capital, August 31, \$24,600 VILLA COMPANY Balance Sheet August 31, 2004 Assets Cash... \$10,400 Accounts receivable... 9,400 Office supplies Prepaid insurance... 2,500 Office equipment... \$14,000 Less: Accum. depreciation office equipment... 4,900 9,100 Total assets... \$32,100 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 5,800 Salaries payable... 1,100 Unearned rent Total liabilities... 7,500 Owner s equity T. Villa, Capital... 24,600 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$32,100 EXERCISE 3-11 (a) 1. Cash... 9,000 Fees Receivable... 9, Unearned Fees... 20,000 Fees Revenues... 20,

17 EXERCISE 3-11 (Continued) 3. (a) Cash... 35,000 Unearned Fees... 35,000 (b) Unearned Fees... 18,000 (\$35,000 \$17,000) Fees Revenue... 18, Fees Receivable ,000 Fees Revenue ,000 (\$153,000 \$20,000 \$18,000) 5. Cash ,000 Fees Receivable ,000 (\$115,000 \$12,000) (b) Cash received with respect to fees = \$9,000 + \$103,000 + \$35,000 = \$147,000 *EXERCISE 3-12 (a) Jan. 2 Insurance Expense... 2,400 Cash... 2, Supplies Expense... 1,700 Cash... 1, Cash... 6,100 Service Revenue... 6,100 Insurance Expense Supplies Expense 1/2 2,400 1/10 1,700 Cash 1/15 6,100 1/2 2,400 1/10 1,700 Service Revenue 1/15 6,

18 *EXERCISE 3-12 (Continued) (b) Jan. 31 Prepaid Insurance (\$200 X 11 months)... 2,200 Insurance Expense... 2, Supplies Supplies Expense Service Revenue... 4,600 Unearned Revenue... 4,600 Insurance Expense Supplies Expense Service Revenue 1/2 2,400 1/31 2,200 1/10 1,700 1/ /31 4,600 1/15 6,100 Bal. 200 Bal. 900 Bal. 1,500 Prepaid Insurance Supplies Unearned Revenue 1/31 2,200 1/ /31 4,600 (c) Insurance expense... \$ 200 Supplies expense Service revenue... 1,500 Prepaid insurance... 2,200 Supplies Unearned revenue... 4,

19 SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS PROBLEM 3-1A (a) J4 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit 2005 May Supplies Expense Supplies Travel Expense Travel Payable Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance (\$2, months) Unearned Service Revenue Service Revenue (\$3,000 \$1,000) ,000 2, Salaries Expense Salaries Payable [(3/5 X \$500) X 2 employees] Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Office Furniture (\$12, months) Accounts Receivable Service Revenue ,000 1,000 (b) Cash No May 31 Balance 7,

20 PROBLEM 3-1A (Continued) Accounts Receivable No May Balance Adjusting J4 1,000 4,000 5,000 Prepaid Insurance No May Balance Adjusting J ,400 2,300 Supplies No May Balance Adjusting J ,500 1,000 Office Furniture No May 31 Balance 12,000 Accumulated Depreciation Office Furniture No May 31 Adjusting J Accounts Payable No May 31 Balance 3,

21 PROBLEM 3-1A (Continued) Travel Payable No May 31 Adjusting J Salaries Payable No May 31 Adjusting J Unearned Service Revenue No May Balance Adjusting J4 2,000 3,000 1,000 L. Rig, Capital No May 31 Balance 19,100 Service Revenue No May Balance Adjusting Adjusting J4 J4 2,000 1,000 6,000 8,000 9,000 Salaries Expense No May Balance Adjusting J ,000 3,

22 PROBLEM 3-1A (Continued) Rent Expense No May 31 Balance 1,000 Depreciation Expense No May 31 Adjusting J Insurance Expense No May 31 Adjusting J Travel Expense No May 31 Adjusting J Supplies Expense No May 31 Adjusting J

23 PROBLEM 3-1A (Continued) (c) VEKTEK CONSULTING Adjusted Trial Balance May 31, 2005 Cash... Accounts Receivable... Prepaid Insurance... Supplies... Office Furniture... Accumulated Depreciation Office Furniture... Accounts Payable... Travel Payable... Salaries Payable... Unearned Service Revenue... L. Rig, Capital... Service Revenue... Salaries Expense... Rent Expense... Depreciation Expense... Insurance Expense... Travel Expense... Supplies Expense... Debit \$ 7,700 5,000 2,300 1,000 12,000 3,600 1, \$33,600 Credit \$ 200 3, ,000 19,100 9, ,000 \$33,

24 PROBLEM 3-2A (a) J1 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit May 31 Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance Supplies Expense... Supplies (\$1,900 \$900) ,000 1, Depreciation Expense Lodge... (\$2,400 X 1/12) Accumulated Depreciation Lodge Depreciation Expense Furniture... (\$3,000 X 1/12) Accumulated Depreciation Furniture Interest Expense... Interest Payable... [(\$35,000 X 12%) X 1/12] Unearned Rent... Rent Revenue ,500 2, Salaries Expense... Salaries Payable (b) Cash No. 101 May 31 Balance 2,

25 PROBLEM 3-2A (Continued) Supplies No. 126 May Balance Adjusting J1 1,000 1, Prepaid Insurance No. 130 May Balance Adjusting J ,400 2,200 Land No. 140 May 31 Balance 15,000 Lodge No. 141 May 31 Balance 70,000 Accumulated Depreciation Lodge No. 142 May 31 Adjusting J Furniture No. 149 May 31 Balance 16,800 Accumulated Depreciation Furniture No. 150 May 31 Adjusting J

26 PROBLEM 3-2A (Continued) Accounts Payable No. 201 May 31 Balance 5,300 Unearned Rent No. 208 May Balance Adjusting J1 2,500 3,600 1,100 Salaries Payable No. 212 May 31 Adjusting J Interest Payable No. 230 May 31 Adjusting J Mortgage Payable No. 275 May 31 Balance 35,000 Sue Phillips, Capital No. 301 May 31 Balance 60,000 Rent Revenue No. 429 May Balance Adjusting J1 2,500 9,200 11,

27 PROBLEM 3-2A (Continued) Advertising Expense No. 610 May 31 Balance 500 Depreciation Expense Lodge No. 619 May 31 Adjusting J Depreciation Expense Furniture No. 621 May 31 Adjusting J Supplies Expense No. 631 May 31 Adjusting J1 1,000 1,000 Interest Expense No. 718 May 31 Adjusting J Insurance Expense No. 722 May 31 Adjusting J Salaries Expense No. 726 May Balance Adjusting J ,000 3,

28 PROBLEM 3-2A (Continued) Utilities Expense No. 732 May 31 Balance 1,000 (c) THAYER MOTEL Adjusted Trial Balance May 31, 2005 Cash... Supplies... Prepaid Insurance... Land... Lodge... Accumulated Depreciation Lodge... Furniture... Accumulated Depreciation Furniture... Accounts Payable... Unearned Rent... Salaries Payable... Interest Payable... Mortgage Payable... Sue Phillips, Capital... Rent Revenue... Advertising Expense... Depreciation Expense Lodge... Depreciation Expense Furniture... Supplies Expense... Interest Expense... Insurance Expense... Salaries Expense... Utilities Expense... Debit \$ 2, ,200 15,000 70,000 16, , ,800 1,000 \$114,700 Credit \$ ,300 1, ,000 60,000 11, ,000 \$114,

29 PROBLEM 3-2A (Continued) (d) THAYER MOTEL Income Statement For the Month Ended May 31, 2005 Revenues Rent revenue... \$11,700 Expenses Salaries expense... \$3,800 Utilities expense... 1,000 Supplies expense... 1,000 Advertising expense Interest expense Depreciation expense furniture Depreciation expense lodge Insurance expense Total expenses... 7,300 Net income... \$ 4,400 THAYER MOTEL Owner s Equity Statement For the Month Ended May 31, 2005 Sue Phillips, Capital, May 1... \$ 0 Investment by owner... 60,000 Add: Net income... 4,400 Sue Phillips, Capital, May \$64,

30 PROBLEM 3-2A (Continued) THAYER MOTEL Balance Sheet May 31, 2005 Assets Cash... \$ 2,500 Supplies Prepaid insurance... 2,200 Land... 15,000 Lodge... \$70,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation lodge ,800 Furniture... 16,800 Less: Accumulated depreciation furniture ,550 Total assets... \$106,950 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 5,300 Unearned rent... 1,100 Salaries payable Interest payable Mortgage payable... 35,000 Total liabilities... 42,550 Owner s equity Sue Phillips, Capital... 64,400 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$106,

31 PROBLEM 3-3A (a) Sept. 30 Accounts Receivable Commission Revenue Rent Expense Prepaid Rent Supplies Expense Supplies Depreciation Expense Accum. Depreciation Equipment Interest Expense Interest Payable Unearned Rent Rent Revenue Salaries Expense Salaries Payable (b) MENDOZA CO. Income Statement For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2005 Revenues Commission revenue... \$14,200 Rent revenue Total revenues... 15,000 Expenses Salaries expense... \$9,400 Rent expense... 1,500 Depreciation expense Utilities expense Supplies expense Interest expense Total expenses... 12,510 Net income... \$ 2,

32 PROBLEM 3-3A (Continued) MENDOZA CO. Owner s Equity Statement For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2005 Jose Mendoza, Capital, July 1, \$ 0 Investment by owner... 14,000 Add: Net income... 2,490 16,490 Less: Drawings Jose Mendoza, Capital, September 30, \$15,890 MENDOZA CO. Balance Sheet September 30, 2005 Assets Cash... \$ 6,700 Accounts receivable Prepaid rent Supplies... 1,000 Equipment... \$15,000 Less: Accum. depreciation equipment ,150 Total assets... \$23,350 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Notes payable... \$ 5,000 Accounts payable... 1,510 Salaries payable Interest payable Unearned rent Total liabilities... \$ 7,460 Owner s equity Jose Mendoza, Capital... 15,890 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$23,350 (c) Interest of 12% per year equals a monthly rate of 1%; monthly interest is \$50 (\$5,000 X 1%). Since total interest expense is \$50, the note has been outstanding one month. 3-32

33 PROBLEM 3-4A 1. Dec. 31 Insurance Expense... 4,400 Prepaid Insurance... 4,400 [(\$6,000 3) = \$2,000 [(\$4,800 2) = 2,400 \$4,400] 2. Dec. 31 Unearned Subscriptions... 7,000 Subscription Revenue... 7,000 [Oct. 200 X \$50 X 3/12 = \$2,500 [Nov. 300 X \$50 X 2/12 = 2,500 [Dec. 480 X \$50 X 1/12 = 2,000 \$7,000] 3. Dec. 31 Interest Expense... 1,200 Interest Payable... 1,200 (\$40,000 X 9% X 4/12) 4. Dec. 31 Salaries Expense... 2,940 Salaries Payable... 2,940 [5 X \$500 X 3/5 = \$1,500 [3 X \$800 X 3/5 = 1,440 \$2,940] 3-33

34 PROBLEM 3-5A (a), (c) & (e) Cash No. 101 Nov. 1 Balance 2,790 8 J1 1,100 1, J1 J1 1,200 1,400 2,890 4, J1 J1 J1 2, ,000 1,790 1, J ,040 Accounts Receivable No. 112 Nov. 1 Balance 2, J1 1,200 1, J ,010 Supplies No. 126 Nov. 1 Balance 2, J , Adjusting J1 1,500 1,000 Store Equipment No. 153 Nov. 1 Balance 10, J1 3,000 13,

35 PROBLEM 3-5A (Continued) Accumulated Depreciation Store Equipment No. 154 Nov. 1 Balance Adjusting J Accounts Payable No. 201 Nov. 1 Balance 2, J1 J1 3, ,100 5, J1 2,500 3,100 Unearned Service Revenue No. 209 Nov. 1 Balance 1, J , Adjusting J1 1, Salaries Payable No. 212 Nov. 1 Balance J Adjusting J P. Samone, Capital No. 301 Nov. 1 Balance 12,

36 PROBLEM 3-5A (Continued) Service Revenue No. 407 Nov Adjusting J1 J1 J1 1, ,150 1,400 2,100 3,250 Depreciation Expense No. 615 Nov. 30 Adjusting J Supplies Expense No. 631 Nov. 30 Adjusting J1 1,500 1,500 Salaries Expense No. 726 Nov J1 J , , Adjusting J ,100 Rent Expense No. 729 Nov. 22 J

37 PROBLEM 3-5A (Continued) (b) General Journal J1 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Nov. 8 Salaries Payable Salaries Expense Cash 101 1, Cash Accounts Receivable ,200 1, Cash Service Revenue ,400 1, Store Equipment Accounts Payable ,000 3, Supplies Accounts Payable Accounts Payable Cash ,500 2, Rent Expense Cash Salaries Expense Cash ,000 1, Accounts Receivable Service Revenue Cash Unearned Service Revenue

38 PROBLEM 3-5A (Continued) (d) & (f) SAMONE EQUIPMENT REPAIR Trial Balances November 30, 2005 Cash... Accounts Receivable... Supplies... Equipment... Accumulated Depreciation... Accounts Payable... Unearned Service Revenue... Salaries Payable... P. Samone, Capital... Service Revenue... Depreciation Expense... Supplies Expense... Salaries Expense... Rent Expense... Before Adjustment After Adjustment Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. \$ 1,040 2,010 1,000 13,000 \$ 1,040 2,010 2,500 13,000 1, \$20,450 \$ 500 3,100 1,950 12,800 2,100 \$20, ,500 2, \$21,070 \$ 620 3, ,800 3, ,000 \$21,070 (e) 1. Nov. 30 Supplies Expense ,500 Supplies (\$2,500 \$1,000) , Salaries Expense Salaries Payable Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Store Equipment Unearned Service Revenue ,150 Service Revenue ,

39 PROBLEM 3-5A (Continued) (g) SAMONE EQUIPMENT REPAIR Income Statement For the Month Ended November 30, 2005 Revenues Service revenue... \$3,250 Expenses Salaries expense... \$2,100 Supplies expense... 1,500 Rent expense Depreciation expense Total expenses... 4,020 Net loss... \$ (770) SAMONE EQUIPMENT REPAIR Owner s Equity Statement For the Month Ended November 30, 2005 P. Samone, Capital, November 1... \$12,800 Less: Net loss P. Samone, Capital, November \$12,

40 PROBLEM 3-5A (Continued) SAMONE EQUIPMENT REPAIR Balance Sheet November 30, 2005 Assets Cash... \$ 1,040 Accounts receivable... 2,010 Supplies... 1,000 Equipment... \$13,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation equipment ,380 Total assets... \$16,430 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 3,100 Unearned service revenue Salaries payable Total liabilities... 4,400 Owner s equity P. Samone, Capital... 12,030 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$16,

41 *PROBLEM 3-6A (a) 1. June 30 Supplies... 1,300 Supplies Expense... 1, Interest Expense... 1,000 (\$20,000 X 12% X 5/12) Interest Payable... 1, Prepaid Insurance... 1,200 [(\$1,800 12) X 8] Insurance Expense... 1, Consulting Revenue... 1,100 Unearned Consulting Revenue... 1, Accounts Receivable... 2,000 Graphic Revenue... 2, Depreciation Expense... 1,500 (\$3,000 2) Accumulated Depreciation Equipment... 1,

42 *PROBLEM 3-6A (Continued) (b) SALZER GRAPHICS COMPANY Adjusted Trial Balance June 30, 2005 Cash... Accounts Receivable (\$14,000 + \$2,000)... Supplies... Prepaid Insurance... Equipment... Accumulated Depreciation... Notes Payable... Accounts Payable... Interest Payable... Unearned Consulting Revenue... Jill Salzer, Capital... Graphic Revenue (\$52,100 + \$2,000)... Consulting Revenue (\$6,000 \$1,100)... Salaries Expense... Supplies Expense (\$3,700 \$1,300)... Advertising Expense... Rent Expense... Utilities Expense... Depreciation Expense... Insurance Expense (\$1,800 \$1,200)... Interest Expense... Debit \$ 9,500 16,000 1,300 1,200 45,000 30,000 2,400 1,900 1,500 1,700 1, ,000 \$113,600 Credit \$ 1,500 20,000 9,000 1,000 1,100 22,000 54,100 4, ,000 \$113,

43 *PROBLEM 3-6A (Continued) (c) SALZER GRAPHICS COMPANY Income Statement For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2005 Revenues Graphic revenue... \$54,100 Consulting revenue... 4,900 Total revenues... 59,000 Expenses Salaries expense... \$30,000 Supplies expense... 2,400 Advertising expense... 1,900 Utilities expense... 1,700 Rent expense... 1,500 Depreciation expense... 1,500 Interest expense... 1,000 Insurance expense Total expenses... 40,600 Net income... \$18,400 SALZER GRAPHICS COMPANY Owner s Equity Statement For the Six Months Ended June 30, 2005 Jill Salzer Capital, January 1... \$ 0 Investment by owner... 22,000 Add: Net income... 18,400 Jill Salzer, Capital, June \$40,

44 *PROBLEM 3-6A (Continued) SALZER GRAPHICS COMPANY Balance Sheet June 30, 2005 Assets Cash... \$ 9,500 Accounts receivable... 16,000 Supplies... 1,300 Prepaid insurance... 1,200 Equipment... \$45,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation... 1,500 43,500 Total assets... \$71,500 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Notes payable... \$20,000 Accounts payable... 9,000 Interest payable... 1,000 Unearned consulting fees... 1,100 Total liabilities... 31,100 Owner s equity Jill Salzer, Capital... 40,400 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$71,

45 PROBLEM 3-1B (a) J3 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit 2005 June Supplies Expense Supplies (\$2,000 \$1,100) Utilities Expense Utilities Payable Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance (\$3, months) Unearned Service Revenue Service Revenue ,500 2, Salaries Expense Salaries Payable ,500 1, Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment (\$15, months) Accounts Receivable Service Revenue ,000 2,000 (b) Cash No June 30 Balance 7,

46 PROBLEM 3-1B (Continued) Accounts Receivable No June Balance Adjusting J3 2,000 6,000 8,000 Prepaid Insurance No June Balance Adjusting J ,000 2,750 Supplies No June Balance Adjusting J ,000 1,100 Office Equipment No June 30 Balance 15,000 Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment No June 30 Adjusting J Accounts Payable No June 30 Balance 4,

47 PROBLEM 3-1B (Continued) Utilities Payable No June 30 Adjusting J Salaries Payable No June 30 Adjusting J3 1,500 1,500 Unearned Service Revenue No June Balance Adjusting J3 2,500 4,000 1,500 J. Cuono, Capital No June 30 Balance 21,750 Service Revenue No June Balance Adjusting Adjusting J3 J3 2,500 2,000 7,900 10,400 12,400 Salaries Expense No June Balance Adjusting J3 1,500 4,000 5,

48 PROBLEM 3-1B (Continued) Rent Expense No June 30 Balance 1,000 Depreciation Expense No June 30 Adjusting J Insurance Expense No June 30 Adjusting J Utilities Expense No June 30 Adjusting J Supplies Expense No June 30 Adjusting J

49 PROBLEM 3-1B (Continued) (c) CUONO COMPANY Adjusted Trial Balance June 30, 2005 Cash... Accounts Receivable... Prepaid Insurance... Supplies... Office Equipment... Accumulated Depreciation Office Equipment... Accounts Payable... Utilities Payable... Salaries Payable... Unearned Service Revenue... J. Cuono, Capital... Service Revenue... Salaries Expense... Rent Expense... Depreciation Expense... Insurance Expense... Utilities Expense... Supplies Expense... Debit \$ 7,150 8,000 2,750 1,100 15,000 5,500 1, \$42,050 Credit \$ 250 4, ,500 1,500 21,750 12, ,000 \$42,

50 PROBLEM 3-2B (a) Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Aug. 31 Insurance Expense (\$400 X 3) ,200 Prepaid Insurance , Supplies Expense (\$3,300 \$900)... Supplies ,400 2, Depreciation Expense Cottages... (\$3,600 X 1/4) Accumulated Depreciation Cottages Depreciation Expense Furniture... (\$2,400 X 1/4) Accumulated Depreciation Furniture Unearned Rent... Rent Revenue ,100 4, Salaries Expense... Salaries Payable Accounts Receivable... Rent Revenue Interest Expense... Interest Payable... [(\$80,000 X 9%) X 1/12] (b) Cash No. 101 Aug. 31 Balance 19,

51 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) Accounts Receivable No. 112 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Supplies No. 126 Aug Balance Adjusting J1 2,400 3, Prepaid Insurance No. 130 Aug Balance Adjusting J1 1,200 6,000 4,800 Land No. 140 Aug. 31 Balance 25,000 Cottages No. 143 Aug. 31 Balance 125,000 Accumulated Depreciation Cottages No. 144 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Furniture No. 149 Aug. 31 Balance 26,

52 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) Accumulated Depreciation Furniture No. 150 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Accounts Payable No. 201 Aug. 31 Balance 6,500 Unearned Rent No. 208 Aug Balance Adjusting J1 4,100 7,400 3,300 Salaries Payable No. 212 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Interest Payable No. 230 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Mortgage Payable No. 275 Aug. 31 Balance 80,000 P. Orbis, Capital No. 301 Aug. 31 Balance 100,

53 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) P. Orbis, Drawing No. 306 Aug. 31 Balance 5,000 Rent Revenue No. 429 Aug Balance Adjusting Adjusting J1 J1 4, ,000 84,100 84,900 Depreciation Expense Cottages No. 620 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Depreciation Expense Furniture No. 621 Aug. 31 Adjusting J Repair Expense No. 622 Aug. 31 Balance 3,600 Supplies Expense No. 631 Aug. 31 Adjusting J1 2,400 2,400 Interest Expense No. 718 Aug. 31 Adjusting J

54 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) Insurance Expense No. 722 Aug. 31 Adjusting J1 1,200 1,200 Salaries Expense No. 726 Aug Balance Adjusting J ,000 51,400 Utilities Expense No. 732 Aug. 31 Balance 9,

55 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) (c) SPRING RIVER RESORT Adjusted Trial Balance August 31, 2005 Cash... Accounts Receivable... Supplies... Prepaid Insurance... Land... Cottages... Accumulated Depreciation Cottages... Furniture... Accumulated Depreciation Furniture... Accounts Payable... Unearned Rent... Salaries Payable... Interest Payable... Mortgage Payable... P. Orbis, Capital... P. Orbis, Drawing... Rent Revenue... Depreciation Expense Cottages... Depreciation Expense Furniture... Repair Expense... Supplies Expense... Interest Expense... Insurance Expense... Salaries Expense... Utilities Expense... Debit \$ 19, ,800 25, ,000 26,000 5, ,600 2, ,200 51,400 9,400 \$277,200 Credit \$ ,500 3, , ,000 84,900 \$277,

56 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) (d) SPRING RIVER RESORT Income Statement For the Three Months Ended August 31, 2005 Revenues Rent revenue... \$84,900 Expenses Salaries expense... \$51,400 Utilities expense... 9,400 Repair expense... 3,600 Supplies expense... 2,400 Insurance expense... 1,200 Depreciation expense cottages Interest expense Depreciation expense furniture Total expenses... 70,100 Net income... \$14,800 SPRING RIVER RESORT Owner s Equity Statement For the Three Months Ended August 31, 2005 P. Orbis, Capital, June 1... \$ 0 Investment by owner ,000 Add: Net income... 14, ,800 Less: Drawings... 5,000 P. Orbis, Capital, August \$109,

57 PROBLEM 3-2B (Continued) SPRING RIVER RESORT Balance Sheet August 31, 2005 Assets Cash... \$ 19,600 Accounts receivable Supplies Prepaid insurance... 4,800 Land... 25,000 Cottages... \$125,000 Less: Accum. depreciation cottages ,100 Furniture... 26,000 Less: Accum. depreciation furniture ,400 Total assets... \$200,600 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 6,500 Salaries payable Interest payable Unearned rent... 3,300 Mortgage payable... 80,000 Total liabilities... 90,800 Owner s equity P. Orbis, Capital ,800 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$200,

58 PROBLEM 3-3B (a) Dec. 31 Accounts Receivable... 3,500 Advertising Revenue... 3, Unearned Advertising Fees... 1,600 Advertising Revenue... 1, Art Supplies Expense... 3,600 Art Supplies... 3, Depreciation Expense... 5,000 Accumulated Depreciation... 5, Interest Expense Interest Payable Insurance Expense Prepaid Insurance Salaries Expense... 1,300 Salaries Payable... 1,300 (b) COSTELLO ADVERTISING AGENCY Income Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 Revenues Advertising revenue... \$63,700 Expenses Salaries expense... \$11,300 Depreciation expense... 5,000 Rent expense... 4,000 Art supplies expense... 3,600 Insurance expense Interest expense Total expenses... 25,250 Net income... \$38,

59 PROBLEM 3-3B (Continued) COSTELLO ADVERTISING AGENCY Owner s Equity Statement For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 J. Costello, Capital, January 1... \$25,500 Add: Net income... 38,450 63,950 Less: Drawing... 12,000 J. Costello, Capital, December \$51,950 COSTELLO ADVERTISING AGENCY Balance Sheet December 31, 2005 Assets Cash... \$11,000 Accounts receivable... 23,500 Art supplies... 5,000 Prepaid insurance... 2,500 Printing equipment... \$60,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation printing equipment... 33,000 27,000 Total assets... \$69,000 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Notes payable... \$ 5,000 Accounts payable... 5,000 Interest payable Unearned advertising fees... 5,600 Salaries payable... 1,300 Total liabilities... 17,050 Owner s equity J. Costello, Capital... 51,950 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$69,

60 PROBLEM 3-3B (Continued) (c) (1) I = P x R x T \$150 = \$5,000 x R x 1/2 \$150 = \$2,500R R = \$150 \$2,500 R = 6% ( 2 ) S a l a r i e s Ex p e n s e, \$1 1, le s s Sa l a r i e s Pa y a b l e 12 / 3 1 / 0 5, \$1, = \$ 1 0, To t a l p a y m e n t s, \$1 4, \$1 0, = \$4, Sa l a r i e s Pa y - a b l e 12 / 3 1 /

61 PROBLEM 3-4B 1. Dec. 31 Salaries Expense... 2,200 Salaries Payable... 2,200 [5 X \$800 X 2/5 = \$1,600 [3 X \$500 X 2/5 = 600 \$2,200] Unearned Rent... 74,000 Rent Revenue... 74,000 [5 X \$4,000 X 2 = \$40,000) (4 X \$8,500 X 1 = 34,000) \$74,000] Advertising Expense... 5,200 Prepaid Advertising... 5,200 [A650 \$500 per month for 8 months = \$4,000) (B974 \$400 per month for 3 months = 1,200) \$5,200] Interest Expense... 5,250 Interest Payable... 5,250 (\$100,000 X 9% X 7/12) 3-61

62 PROBLEM 3-5B (a), (c) & (e) Cash No. 101 Sept. 1 Balance 4,880 8 J1 1,400 3, J1 J1 1,200 3,400 4,680 8, J1 J1 J1 4, ,050 3,580 3,080 2, J ,680 Accounts Receivable No. 112 Sept. 1 Balance 3, J1 1,200 2, J1 1,200 3,520 Supplies No. 126 Sept. 1 Balance 2, J1 1,200 3, Adjusting J1 1,500 1,700 Store Equipment No. 153 Sept. 1 Balance 15, J1 3,000 18,

63 PROBLEM 3-5B (Continued) Accumulated Depreciation Equipment No. 154 Sept. 1 Balance 1, Adjusting J ,700 Accounts Payable No. 201 Sept. 1 Balance 3, J1 J1 3,000 1,200 6,400 7, J1 4,500 3,100 Unearned Service Revenue No. 209 Sept. 1 Balance 1, J , Adjusting J1 1, Salaries Payable No. 212 Sept. 1 Balance J Adjusting J J. Beck, Capital No. 301 Sept. 1 Balance 18,

64 PROBLEM 3-5B (Continued) Service Revenue No. 407 Sept Adjusting J1 J1 J1 3,400 1,200 1,450 3,400 4,600 6,050 Depreciation Expense No. 615 Sept. 30 Adjusting J Supplies Expense No. 631 Sept. 30 Adjusting J1 1,500 1,500 Salaries Expense No. 726 Sept J1 J , , Adjusting J ,350 Rent Expense No. 729 Sept. 22 J

65 PROBLEM 3-5B (Continued) (b) General Journal J1 Date Account Titles and Explanation Ref. Debit Credit Sept. 8 Salaries Payable Salaries Expense Cash 101 1, Cash Accounts Receivable ,200 1, Cash Service Revenue ,400 3, Store Equipment Accounts Payable ,000 3, Supplies Accounts Payable ,200 1, Accounts Payable Cash ,500 4, Rent Expense Cash Salaries Expense Cash ,050 1, Accounts Receivable Service Revenue ,200 1, Cash Unearned Service Revenue

66 PROBLEM 3-5B (Continued) (d) & (f) BECK EQUIPMENT REPAIR Trial Balances September 30, 2005 Cash... Accounts Receivable... Supplies... Store Equipment... Accumulated Depreciation... Accounts Payable... Unearned Service Revenue... Salaries Payable... J. Beck, Capital... Service Revenue... Depreciation Expense... Supplies Expense... Salaries Expense... Rent Expense... Before Adjustment After Adjustment Dr. Cr. Dr. Cr. \$ 2,680 3,520 1,700 18,000 \$ 2,680 3,520 3,200 18,000 1, \$29,850 \$ 1,500 3,100 2, ,600 4,600 \$29, ,500 2, \$30,450 \$ 1,700 3, ,600 6, , 000 \$30,450 (e) 1. Sept. 30 Supplies Expense ,500 Supplies (\$3,200 \$1,700) , Salaries Expense Salaries Payable Depreciation Expense Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Unearned Service Revenue ,450 Service Revenue ,

67 PROBLEM 3-5B (Continued) (g) BECK EQUIPMENT REPAIR Income Statement For the Month Ended September 30, 2005 Revenues Service revenue... \$6,050 Expenses Salaries expense... \$2,350 Supplies expense... 1,500 Rent expense Depreciation expense Total expenses... 4,550 Net income... \$1,500 BECK EQUIPMENT REPAIR Owner s Equity Statement For the Month Ended September 30, 2005 J. Beck, Capital, September 1... \$18,600 Add: Net income... 1,500 J. Beck, Capital, September \$20,

68 PROBLEM 3-5B (Continued) BECK EQUIPMENT REPAIR Balance Sheet September 30, 2005 Assets Cash... \$ 2,680 Accounts receivable... 3,520 Supplies... 1,700 Equipment... \$18,000 Less: Accumulated depreciation equipment... 1,700 16,300 Total assets... \$24,200 Liabilities and Owner s Equity Liabilities Accounts payable... \$ 3,100 Salaries payable Unearned service revenue Total liabilities... 4,100 Owner s equity J. Beck, Capital... 20,100 Total liabilities and owner s equity... \$24,

69 BYP 3-1 FINANCIAL REPORTING PROBLEM ( a ) I t e m s t h a t m a y h a v e re s u l t e d i n ad j u s t i n g en t r i e s f o r pr e p a y m e n t s ar e : 1. Prepaid expenses and other current assets (per balance sheet). 2. P r o p e r t y, p l a n t, an d eq u i p m e n t, n e t of d e p r e c i a t i o n ( p e r ba l a n c e s h e e t ). 3. A m o r t i z a b l e i n t a n g i b l e s as s e t s, n e t ( p e r b a l a n c e s h e e t ) a m o r t i z a t i o n i s s i m i l a r t o d e p r e c i a t i o n ( e x p l a i n e d l a t e r i n C h a p - t e r 10 ). ( b ) A c c r u a l ad j u s t i n g en t r i e s we r e pr o b ab l y ma d e f o r ac c o u n t s p a ya b l e an d o t h e r cu r r e n t l i a b i l i t i e s, in t e r e s t ex p e n s e, an d in c o m e t a x e s p a y a b l e. ( c ) A s i n d i c a t e d i n t h e 5- Y e a r Su m m a r y, t h e t r e n d i n n e t i n c o m e h a s b e e n p o s i t i v e. I n e v e r y ye a r si n c e , n e t i n c o m e h a s i n c r e a s e d. I n n e t i n c o m e w a s \$2, m i l l i o n an d i n i t w a s \$ 3, m i l l i o n. 3-69

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