DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO. Financial Pillar. F2 Financial Management. 22 November 2012 Thursday Afternoon Session

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1 DO NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO. Financial Pillar F2 Financial Management 22 November 2012 Thursday Afternoon Session Instructions to candidates You are allowed three hours to answer this question paper. You are allowed 20 minutes reading time before the examination begins during which you should read the question paper and, if you wish, highlight and/or make notes on the question paper. However, you will not be allowed, under any circumstances, to open the answer book and start writing or use your calculator during this reading time. You are strongly advised to carefully read ALL the question requirements before attempting the question concerned (that is all parts and/or subquestions). ALL answers must be written in the answer book. Answers written on the question paper will not be submitted for marking. You should show all workings as marks are available for the method you use. ALL QUESTIONS ARE COMPULSORY. Section A comprises 5 questions and is on pages 2 to 7. Section B comprises 2 questions and is on pages 10 to 12. Maths tables and formulae are provided on pages 15 to 17. The list of verbs as published in the syllabus is given for reference on page 19. Write your candidate number, the paper number and examination subject title in the spaces provided on the front of the answer book. Also write your contact ID and name in the space provided in the right hand margin and seal to close. Tick the appropriate boxes on the front of the answer book to indicate the questions you have answered. F2 Financial Management TURN OVER The Chartered Institute of Management Accountants 2012

2 SECTION A 50 MARKS [You are advised to spend no longer than 18 minutes on each question in this section.] ANSWER ALL FIVE QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION Question One (a) JKL operates two pension plans for its employees; a defined benefit pension plan for members of senior management and a defined contribution pension plan for all other employees. JKL recognises all actuarial gains and losses within equity in the year in which they arise. (i) Explain how EACH of the pension plans above will be accounted for in BOTH the statement of total comprehensive income and the statement of financial position of JKL. (5 marks) At 1 October 2011, the defined benefit pension plan s assets had a fair value of $1,100,000 and the pension plan liabilities had a present value of $1,200,000. The actuary estimated that for the year to 30 September 2012 the interest cost was 10%, the expected return on assets 6% and the current service cost $400,000. JKL paid contributions of $420,000 into the plan and the pension plan paid $300,000 to retired members in the year to 30 September At 30 September 2012, the defined benefit pension plan s assets had a fair value of $1,300,000 and the pension plan liabilities had a present value of $1,400,000. (ii) Calculate the actuarial gain or loss arising on JKL s defined benefit pension plan assets for the year ended 30 September (2 marks) November Financial Management

3 (b) JKL is considering an acquisition and has identified ABD as one of three potential takeover targets. All the target entities are highly geared. However ABD is currently the most favourable target as it has the highest level of interest cover. The finance director has indicated, however, that ABD operates overseas in a country experiencing hyperinflation. Explain why ABD s financial statements may be an unreliable source for assessing its ability to cover interest payments and service its liabilities. (3 marks) (Total for Question One = 10 marks) TURN OVER Financial Management 3 November 2012

4 Question Two AZ acquired 80% of the ordinary share capital of B on 1 January 2010 for $800 million. The group s policy is to value non-controlling interest at fair value at the date of acquisition. On 1 January 2010 the non-controlling interest of B had a fair value of $200 million. B acquired 60% of the ordinary share capital of C on 1 January 2011 for $480 million. At 1 January 2011 the fair value of the non-controlling interest in C, included in the consolidated financial statements of AZ, was $280 million. The fair value of the net assets of the acquired entities was as follows: Notes: 1 January January 2010 $ million $ million Net assets of B Net assets of C The fair values of the net assets of B and C at their dates of acquisition by AZ were deemed to be the same as their book values. 2. There has been no impairment to goodwill since the acquisition dates. 3. In the year ended 30 September 2012 all three entities paid a dividend to their ordinary shareholders. AZ paid a dividend of $80 million, B paid a dividend of $50 million and C paid a dividend of $20 million. The income statements of the three entities for the year ended 30 September 2012 are provided below. AZ B C $ million $ million $ million Revenue 1, Cost of sales (700) (400) (200) Gross profit Operating expenses (120) (80) (100) Investment income (Note 3) Profit before tax Income tax expense (70) (45) (30) Profit for the year (a) Prepare the consolidated income statement for the AZ Group for the year ended 30 September (6 marks) (b) Calculate the goodwill that will appear in the consolidated statement of financial position of the AZ Group as at 30 September (4 marks) (Total for Question Two = 10 marks) November Financial Management

5 Question Three You have just been appointed as financial controller of KL, a privately owned entity operating in the fashion wholesale business. You have been asked to attend the forthcoming monthly management meeting and report on aspects of the entity s financial position. You are aware that during the last year the management team has been concerned about the liquidity of KL, and about its working capital management. The following information is available from the management accounts of KL for the year ended 30 September 2012: 6 months to 30 September months to 31 March 2012 $000 $000 Inventories at period end 1, Receivables at period end 1, Cash and cash equivalents at period end Trade payables at period end 1, Short-term borrowings at period end Revenue for the period 2,250 2,000 Cost of sales for the period 1,500 1,300 Prepare a brief report that analyses the working capital and liquidity position of KL. (Up to 5 marks are available for the calculation of relevant ratios.) (Total for Question Three = 10 marks) TURN OVER Financial Management 5 November 2012

6 Question Four JK acquired 100% of the ordinary shares of OVS on 1 July 2011 for $2,400,000. All of JK s investment transactions are conducted by a broker who charges 2% commission on the transaction value. OVS operates overseas and is listed on its local stock exchange. In its own accounting records, JK has correctly classified and recorded its investment in OVS as an available for sale asset. As at 30 June 2012 the investment in OVS has a reliable fair value of $2,570,000. (a) Prepare the journal entry required in the accounting records of JK to record the subsequent measurement of the investment in OVS in JK s financial statements for the year to 30 June 2012, in accordance with IAS 39 Financial instruments: recognition and measurement. (3 marks) OVS operates in country G, which has the Grum as its currency. OVS sources all raw materials locally and is subject to local taxes and corporate regulations. The current workforce is recruited locally, although the majority of its sales are to customers from neighbouring countries. OVS has operated autonomously since being acquired by JK and during the year raised a significant amount of finance from the main bank in G to fund its own investment requirements. (b) In accordance with IAS 21 The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates: (i) Explain the key factors which determine an entity s functional currency and using these factors identify the functional currency of OVS; and (5 marks) (ii) Explain how the financial statements of OVS will be translated into dollars prior to preparing the consolidated accounts of JK Group. (2 marks) (Total for Question Four = 10 marks) November Financial Management

7 Question Five The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the standard-setter in the USA, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), have been working together towards convergence of their respective accounting standards. Part of this process has been the review of the IASB s Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements. (a) (i) (ii) Explain why it is viewed as a significant step towards convergence that the bodies are working jointly on a conceptual framework for accounting. Explain the potential benefits that a common conceptual framework could bring to the standard-setting process. (5 marks) (b) (i) Discuss the potential benefits of convergence to investors. (ii) Discuss the potential impact of convergence on entities that operate globally. (5 marks) (Total for Question Five = 10 marks) (Total for Section A = 50 marks) End of Section A Section B starts on page 10 TURN OVER Financial Management 7 November 2012

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10 SECTION B 50 MARKS [You are advised to spend no longer than 45 minutes on each question in this section.] ANSWER BOTH QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION 25 MARKS EACH Question Six The statements of financial position for AB and XY as at 31 December 2011 are provided below: AB XY ASSETS $000 $000 Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment 9,517 3,800 Investment in XY 3,300-12,817 3,800 Current assets Inventories Receivables Cash and cash equivalents ,200 1,200 Total assets 15,017 5,000 EQUITY AND LIABILITIES Equity Share capital ($1 equity shares) 3,200 1,000 Share premium 1,800 - Retained earnings 4,800 3,600 Total equity 9,800 4,600 Non-current liabilities Long term borrowings 3,200 - Deferred consideration Current liabilities 1, Total liabilities 5, Total equity and liabilities 15,017 5,000 Additional information: 1. AB acquired an 80% investment in XY on 1 January The consideration consisted of the following: the transfer of 500,000 shares in AB with a nominal value of $1.00 each and a market value on the date of acquisition of $3.50 each; $408,000 of cash paid on 1 January 2011; and $1,000,000 of cash, payable on 1 January 2013 (a discount rate of 9% has been used to value the liability in the financial statements of AB). At the date of acquisition XY had retained earnings of $2,300,000. The investment in XY was classified as available for sale in the books of AB and is held at fair value. The gains earned to date are included in the retained earnings of AB. It is the group policy to value non-controlling interest at fair value at the date of acquisition. The fair value of the non-controlling interest at 1 January 2011 was $750,000. November Financial Management

11 2. As at 1 January 2011 the fair value of the net assets acquired was the same as the book value with the following exceptions: The fair value of property, plant and equipment was $300,000 higher than the book value. These assets were assessed to have a remaining useful life of 6 years from the date of acquisition. A full year s depreciation is charged in the year of acquisition and none in the year of sale. The fair value of inventories was estimated to be $100,000 higher than the book value. All of these inventories were sold by 31 December A contingent liability, which had a fair value of $150,000 at the date of acquisition, had a fair value of $70,000 at 31 December XY sold goods to AB in the year to 31 December 2011 for $300,000. Goods with a sales value of $40,000 remain in AB s inventories at 31 December XY makes 20% margin on all sales. 4. AB issued a long-term debt instrument on 1 January 2011 raising $3,400,000. The transaction costs associated with the issue of $200,000 have been correctly recorded. The debt instrument has a nominal rate of interest payable of 6% and the interest due for 2011 was paid and recorded on 31 December 2011, however no further accounting entries have been made in respect of the liability. The effective interest rate is approximately 7.05%. 5. No dividends were paid by either entity in the year ended 31 December (a) Prepare the consolidated statement of financial position for the AB Group as at 31 December (20 marks) On 1 January 2012 AB issued 400,000 5% redeemable preference shares 2015 at their nominal value of $1.00 each. The shares have been recorded within equity and the preference dividend is payable on 31 December (b) (i) (ii) Explain how the issue of the preference shares should be recorded, with specific reference to the relevant provisions of IAS 32 Financial instruments: presentation. Prepare the journal entry required to correct the initial recording of the share issue AND the journal entry that will be processed to record the dividend paid. (5 marks) (Total for Question Six = 25 marks) Section B continues on the next page Financial Management 11 November 2012

12 Question Seven RT operates in the technology sector and due to the nature of its products, RT takes research and development very seriously. It is looking for ways to improve its products in terms of specification and cost. RT prepares its financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards and is listed on its local stock exchange. RT is considering acquiring one of its key suppliers to secure consistent and quality supplies and to capitalise on any research and development activities undertaken by it relating to new products or parts. Two entities are being investigated, X and Y. Each entity operates in a different country and is listed on its local stock exchange. Y supplies parts to a number of RT s competitors as well as RT and has a worldwide distribution network. X is known as an innovative entity and has had some recent publicity surrounding an innovative new product developed by a newly formed team of IT graduates. RT s board has been presented with key financial data for RT, X and Y for the last trading period to facilitate its decision making. RT X Y Revenue $700m $220m $460m Gross profit margin 23% 19% 26% Profit for the year/revenue 10% 11% 12% Gearing (debt/equity) 68% 25% 40% Non-current asset turnover Price/earnings ratio (a) (b) (c) Prepare a report that: analyses the information provided by the key financial indicators above; and explains the impact that acquiring either of these entities could have on the RT group s business and financial statements. (16 marks) Explain what further financial information might assist RT in its assessment of potential targets, X and Y. (4 marks) Explain the limitations of using the financial ratios above as a means to compare X and Y. (5 marks) (Total for Question Seven = 25 marks) (Total for Section B = 50 marks) End of Question Paper Maths Tables and Formulae are on pages 15 to 17 November Financial Management

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15 Present value table MATHS TABLES AND FORMULAE Present value of $1, that is (1 + r) -n where r = interest rate; n = number of periods until payment or receipt. Periods Interest rates (r) (n) 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% Periods Interest rates (r) (n) 11% 12% 13% 14% 15% 16% 17% 18% 19% 20% Financial Management 15 November 2012

16 Cumulative present value of $1 per annum, Receivable or Payable at the end of each year for n years n 1 (1+ r ) r Periods (n) Interest rates (r) 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 10% Periods (n) Interest rates (r) 11% 12% 13% 14% 15% 16% 17% 18% 19% 20% November Financial Management

17 FORMULAE Annuity Present value of an annuity of $1 per annum receivable or payable for n years, commencing in one year, discounted at r% per annum: PV = r [1 + r ] n Perpetuity Present value of $1 per annum receivable or payable in perpetuity, commencing in one year, discounted at r% per annum: PV = r 1 Growing Perpetuity Present value of $1 per annum, receivable or payable, commencing in one year, growing in perpetuity at a constant rate of g% per annum, discounted at r% per annum: PV = 1 r g Financial Management 17 November 2012

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19 LIST OF VERBS USED IN THE QUESTION REQUIREMENTS A list of the learning objectives and verbs that appear in the syllabus and in the question requirements for each question in this paper. It is important that you answer the question according to the definition of the verb. LEARNING OBJECTIVE VERBS USED DEFINITION Level 1 - KNOWLEDGE What you are expected to know. List Make a list of State Express, fully or clearly, the details/facts of Define Give the exact meaning of Level 2 - COMPREHENSION What you are expected to understand. Describe Communicate the key features Distinguish Highlight the differences between Explain Make clear or intelligible/state the meaning or purpose of Identify Recognise, establish or select after consideration Illustrate Use an example to describe or explain something Level 3 - APPLICATION How you are expected to apply your knowledge. Level 4 - ANALYSIS How are you expected to analyse the detail of what you have learned. Level 5 - EVALUATION How are you expected to use your learning to evaluate, make decisions or recommendations. Apply Calculate Demonstrate Prepare Reconcile Solve Tabulate Analyse Categorise Compare and contrast Construct Discuss Interpret Prioritise Produce Advise Evaluate Recommend Put to practical use Ascertain or reckon mathematically Prove with certainty or to exhibit by practical means Make or get ready for use Make or prove consistent/compatible Find an answer to Arrange in a table Examine in detail the structure of Place into a defined class or division Show the similarities and/or differences between Build up or compile Examine in detail by argument Translate into intelligible or familiar terms Place in order of priority or sequence for action Create or bring into existence Counsel, inform or notify Appraise or assess the value of Advise on a course of action Financial Management 19 November 2012

20 Financial Pillar Management Level Paper F2 Financial Management November 2012 Thursday Afternoon Session November Financial Management