South Africa. UNICEF/Hearfield

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "South Africa. UNICEF/Hearfield"

Transcription

1 South Africa UNICEF/Hearfield Social development BUDGET SOUTH AFRICA 217/218 1

2 .2 % Real average annual rate projected growth of DSD budgets UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh Preface This budget brief is one of four that explore the extent to which the national budget and social services sector budgets address the needs of children under 18 years in South Africa. The briefs analyse the size and composition of budget allocations for fiscal year 217/18 as well as offer insights into the efficiency, effectiveness, equity and adequacy of past spending. Their main objectives are to synthesise complex budget information so that it is easily understood by stakeholders and to present key messages to inform financial decision-making processes. Key Messages and Recommendations Overall spending trends: Expenditure on social development programmes as a share of total government expenditure appears stable and averages around 13 per cent. Nonetheless, more work is required to reach all eligible social grant recipients and extend much-needed services to targeted beneficiaries. The government is encouraged to: 1. Expedite the process of developing a single overarching legislative framework; 2. Implement the widely accepted and Cabinet-backed Social Protection Floor ; 3. Finalise the core set of services that will be funded as integral to the Social Protection Floor. Composition of spending: The government has done well to maintain the real value of children-specific grants such as the child support, the foster and care dependency grants. The government is encouraged to: 1. Convince the National Treasury that further expenditure reductions over the new 217 Medium-Term Expenditure Framework () baseline are not an option; 2. Protect the real spending power of social grants for children such that these grants can meet children s nutrition and food diversity requirements; 3. Develop its legislative agenda to include service delivery norms and standards that can be used by provincial social development departments to anchor bids for additional funding for social welfare services. Equity of spending: Provincial Departments of Social Development (DSD) budgets are projected to grow at a real average annual rate of.2 per cent, which is not enough to cope with increasing demands for children s services. The government is encouraged to: 1. Support the full spending of available resources on the Early Childhood Development (ECD) conditional grant so as to increase the number of qualifying ECD centres and young children accessing the ECD subsidy; 2. Publish service delivery norms and standards for key children s programmes such as the Children and Families programme to eliminate large disparities in per-child spending; 3. Urgently introduce much-needed stability and certainty in the transfers to Non-profit Organisations (NPOs) to avoid any disruptions to key social welfare services. Financing: The government s review of the provincial allocation formula holds promise for the better funding of the social development portfolio. Nonetheless, the government is encouraged to: 1. Promote the introduction of a social development component in the provincial equitable shares formula (PES); 2. Build understanding among stakeholders that changes in national allocation formulae do not automatically translate into better funding for provincial social welfare services. 2

3 Section 1. Introduction Social protection involves the delivery of goods and services across a range of departments, which include the delivery of social assistance (social grants), education, interventions in health, the expanded public works programme, water and sanitation services, the provision of basic services at local government and various labour market interventions. In this budget brief, we restrict our focus to the ten social development departments and examine their contribution to social protection 1 in South Africa. South Africa has nine subnational (provincial) departments of social development, and a national Department of Social Development that leads policy-making and coordination in the sector. The mandate of the social development sector has been established through several laws and policies and these include: The 1997 White Paper for Social Welfare, which sets out the broad principles for a developmental social welfare system in South Africa; The Social Assistance Act (24), which provides the legislative framework for providing social assistance (the social grants system); The Children s Act (25), which sets out the principles relating to the care and protection of children; The Older Persons Act (26), which provides a framework for empowering and protecting older persons; The Non-profit Organisation s Act (1997), which establishes UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh an administrative and regulatory framework for NPOs; The Social Services Professions Act (1978), amended 1995,1996 and 1998, which provides for the establishment of a South African Council for Social Service Professions and for establishing control over the various social work professions; The Prevention of and Treatment for Substance Abuse (28) (Act No. 7 of 28), which provides for a comprehensive response for the combating of substance abuse and for mechanisms aimed at demand and harm reduction in relation to substance abuse through prevention, early intervention, treatment and re-integration programmes. In terms of the government s s Framework, 2 the social development sector takes ownership of 13, which calls for an Inclusive and responsive social protection system (RSA Government, MTSF, ). The high-level targets for social development (and their corresponding share of the social protection commitments) are articulated in the country s National Development Plan 23 3 and confirmed in the sector s Medium Term Strategic Framework (MTSF). These include: By 23, South Africa should have a comprehensive system of social protection that includes social security grants, mandatory retirement savings, risk benefits (such as unemployment, death and disability benefits) and voluntary retirement savings. Social welfare services should be expanded, with more education and training for social work practitioners (social workers, auxiliary social workers, child and youth care workers, and community development practitioners) and a review of funding for non-profit organisations; Ensuring that individuals and households that are eligible to receive social grants receive the support they need to access much-needed grants. 3

4 Table 1: Key indicators of the health of the social development system Social Development as a percentage of consolidated government budget, 217/ % Child Social Assistance as a percentage of social development budgets, 217/18 36% Child Welfare Services as a percentage of social development budgets, 217/18 4.3% Total number of Child Support Grant beneficiaries (aged 17), July 217 (SASSA database) 12.1 million The percentage of children aged 17 receiving Child Support Grants in 216 (GHS 216) 63.9 Number of vulnerable individuals accessing food through a network of community nutrition and development centres per year, 216/17 415, The percentage of children aged 4 accessing pre-grade R ECD services, 216 (GHS 216) 35.7 Source: Estimates of National Expenditure; GHS 215 and 216; and SASSA database, 217 Figure 1: The performance of the social development sector in South Africa, 215 and 216 % of appeals on social grants that are adjudicated within 9 days % of children between -4 accessing pre-grade R ECD services % of children receiving the child support grant Source: Department of Social Development 217 and GHS 215 & 216 (official reports and own calculations) Takeaways: The government is committed to a target of 9 per cent of appeals to be adjudicated within 9 days by the end of the present. Judged by the provisional results in 216, much more work needs to be done to achieve this goal. Progress has been made in implementing existing laws and policies and the government is encouraged to complete the process of developing consolidated legislation for the social welfare sector. Social assistance for children continues to expand in coverage and it is vital that the sector makes a concerted effort to reach all eligible beneficiaries who are not presently receiving child grants, to eliminate any exclusion errors. Important strides have been made in ECD and the introduction of a conditional grant for provinces in 217 which will help to enhance the momentum of expanding the service to vulnerable children. While great strides have been made in extending social grants to children, the provision of social welfare services accounts for a small proportion of the budget, especially when compared to the provisioning for social assistance, and greater focus is required to re-orient investment towards prevention and early intervention programmes. 4

5 Section 2. Social Development Spending Trends Size of Spending Table 2 shows that the social development sector plans to spend almost ZAR18 billion on programmes that benefit poor and vulnerable children and adults. Provincial budgets are small in comparison to the budget of the national UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh Department of Social Development, which consumes roughly 9 per cent of the resources of the sector. The bulk of the expenditures at the national level involves payments of social grants to poor, orphaned and disabled children and adults. Table 2: Summary of nominal national and provincial social development budgets, 217/18 (ZAR ) Department National Provincial % of total National Department of Social Development (DSD) 16,77,8 89.4% National DSD transfer to provinces -556,392 Combined provincial DSD budgets 19,23, % Eastern Cape 2,632, % Free State 1,172,295.7% Gauteng 4,442, % KwaZulu-Natal 3,41, % Limpopo 1,821,36 1.% Mpumalanga 1,456,9.8% Northern Cape 818,613.5% North West 1,532,57.9% Western Cape 2,16, % Total DSD budget 179,175,4 1% Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 and Provincial Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure 217 Figure 2 shows that the social development budgets (national and provincial) consume approximately 13 per cent of total government resources. This is roughly the same share of total government resources that the health sector commands, and only the basic education sector (17%) has a larger share of government expenditures. Expenditure on social development appears planned and in line with the government s thinking on extending social grant benefits and services in a gradual manner. 5

6 Figure 2: Consolidated expenditure and allocation on social development as a percentage of consolidated government expenditure and the GDP (GDP) Consolidated social development expenditure as a % of GDP Percentage / / / /17 Revised estimate / / /2 Consolidated social development expenditure as a % of consolidated government expenditure Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 and Provincial Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure 217 Spending Changes Expenditure on social development budgets has enjoyed relative prioritisation, evidenced by the small difference between the inflation-adjusted estimates and the current allocations. No large negative deviations are detected, and the main reason for this has been the government s commitment to link changes in social grant allocations to the prevailing inflation rate. This trend is continued over the, thus signalling further commitment from government to protect vital priority expenditures for poor children and families. Figure 3: Nominal and inflation-adjusted consolidated social development spending and allocation trends, 213/14 to 218/19 (216/17=1) Consolidated social development (nominal) Consolidated social development (real) 5 213/14 214/15 215/16 216/17 Revised estimate 217/18 218/19 219/2 Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 and Provincial Estimates of Revenue and Expenditure 217 The Priority of Social Development in the Budget While the consolidated basic education share of consolidated government resources is set to decline from 17.8 per cent in 213/14 to 16.7 per cent by the end of the, the shares of the social development and health functions remain stable over the period above. Expenditure and allocations to social development consume between 13.2 and 13.4 per cent of consolidated government resources. In 217/18 alone, the three largest social service sector votes account for more than 44 per cent of consolidated government expenditure. The stability of the key social services sectors enabled the government to expand provision for higher education and training, especially for the university sector. Given an incomplete legislative framework, it is not clear what mechanisms and tools the national Department of Social Development will use to protect and advance spending in this sector. One possible avenue that is being pursued is to provide policy and legislative backing to the National Development Plan s (NDP) call for a Social Protection Floor (National Development Plan, 211). The NDP document embraces a human rights approach and states that a societal understanding is required of what constitutes the social floor or minimum social protection floor below which no one should fall. More specifically, the NDP elaborates on the requirements of Section 27 of the Constitution, which recognises social security as a basic right. 6

7 Figure 4: Social service sectors as a percentage of consolidated government expenditure, 213/14 to 218/19 Percentage of consolidated government expenditure Other Public order and safety Economic affairs Health Social development Basic education 213/14 214/15 215/16 216/17 Revised estimate 217/18 218/19 219/2 Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 and Estimates of Provincial Revenue and Expenditure 217 The response of the national Department of Social Development was to initiate a review of the 1997 White Paper for Social Welfare (Department of Social Development, ), and one of its recommendations endorsed the adoption of a Social Protection Floor. It argues that the establishment of a Social Protection Floor will require additional resources and the re-prioritisation of expenditure. However, the document is less clear on the details of the reprioritisation of expenditure. The combined social development expenditures translate into a share of 3.6 per cent of the country s Gross Domestic Product (GDP). South Africa s spending on social development (excluding other social protection expenditures) is high when compared with other middle-income countries. Its share of the country s GDP is almost three times the spending in comparable countries such as Argentina, Senegal and Ethiopia. Figure 5: Social assistance as a % of the GDP, 213, 214 and 215 Social assistance as a % of GDP South Africa 3.4 Namibia 2.9 Belarus 1.5 Argentinia 1.1 Ethiopia 1. Senegal.5 Tunisia Source: World Bank ASPIRE Social Expenditure Indicators (accessed July 217) and Estimates of National Expenditure, Note: The Social Assistance definition used by the World Bank is not consistent with the South African estimates represented above because the South African figure excludes school feeding, public works and other social expenditures not under the control of the Department of Social Development. Takeaways: Compared to other social service sectors, expenditure on social development has performed well over the sixyear period considered in this budget brief. Expenditure on social development programmes as a share of total government expenditure appears stable and averages around 13 per cent. The lack of comprehensive social development legislation, the existence of uneven service delivery trends among subnational government and continued exclusions of some vulnerable individuals and families invariably mean that the social development budget is far from adequate. Recommendations for a social protection floor are promising, but it is unclear how the introduction of this practice will be accommodated in a cash-strapped spending environment. 7

8 Section 3. Composition of Social Development Spending Composition of Spending by Department Given the profile of social grants and their location in the budget of the national DSD, one would expect the spending of the national DSD to mirror that of consolidated (combined national and provincial) social development spending. This is evident in Figure 6 below. More relevant for UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh our analysis is the fact that since 216/17, spending on social welfare services at the provincial level trails national spending on social grants. A below-inflation spending growth is projected for 218/19, while the remainder of the registers very low growth rates for social welfare programmes at the provincial level. Figure 6: Inflation-adjusted spending and allocation trends in social development departments, 213/14 to 219/2 (216/17=1) Real annual change % / / /17 Revised estimate / / /2 National Department of Social Development Consolidated provincial social development Total consolidated social development Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 and Estimates of Provincial Revenue and Expenditure 217 Note: Total consolidated social development expenditure nets out the transfers to provincial social development departments. Composition of Spending by Programme: National DSD Spending in the national DSD budget totals ZAR161 billion in 217/18. The allocation to social grants (Social Assistance Programme) and the provision for the administration of social grants (Social Security Policy and Administration) are the largest programmes in the budget of the national DSD. The social grants allocation is projected to grow by more than 2 per cent on average over the medium term. Planned savings and reductions over the previous baseline reduce the Social Security Policy and Administration budget to that of a virtual maintenance budget over the corresponding period. 8

9 Table 3: Programme spending and allocations in the budget of the national Department of Social Development, 213/14 to 219/2 (ZAR million) ZAR million 216/17 revised estimate 217/18 218/19 219/2 Real change between 216/17 and 217/18 (%) Real average annual change over (%) Administration Social Assistance 138, ,58 163, , Social Security Policy and 6,997 7,333 7,894 8, Administration Welfare Services Policy 721 1,55 1,295 1, Development and Implementation Support Social Policy and Integrated Service Delivery Total 147,133 16,78 173, , Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 Composition of Spending by the Type of Expenditure: National DSD As was evident in Figure 6, the growth in the social grant allocation equals the growth of the entire budget of the national DSD. This reinforces the dominant position social grants occupies in the budget of the national DSD. Figure 7 indicates that between 94 and 95 per cent of the national DSD budget is devoted to social grants (transfers to households), while provision for grant administration takes up the remaining spending space (transfers to departmental agencies). The profile of social grants in the budget of the national DSD has obvious implications for the ability of subnational governments to expand spending on social welfare services. Figure 7: Expenditure by type in the budget of the national Department of Social Development, 213/14 to 219/2 Percentage of national social development budget /14 214/15 215/16 216/17 Revised estimate 217/18 218/19 219/2 Other Transfers to households Transfers to departmental agencies Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 Note: Expenditure on compensation of employees and capital expenditure is insignificant and is not reflected in the graph above. Trends in Social Grants Spending and Allocations Social grants that target children directly make up about 42 per cent of all grant expenditures. More than ZAR56.2 billion will be spent on the child support grant in 217/18, while corresponding spending on the foster care grant is ZAR5.3 billion. While the Old Age grant goes to eligible adults who are 6 years and older, research has shown that poor and/or orphaned children in female-headed households benefit directly from this grant. Almost ZAR3 billion will be spent on the care dependency grant, which enables caregivers to provide full-time support to children with disabilities. 9

10 UNICEF/Schermbrucker Table 4: Nominal values of key social grants in 217/18 (ZAR billion) Social grant ZAR, billion Beneficiaries Rand value of grant % of total grant funding Old age grant 64.5 Adults: 6 years+ ZAR1,6 (6 74) and ZAR1,62 (75+) 42.5% Child support grant 56.2 Children: 17 years ZAR % Disability grant 21.2 Adults: years ZAR1,6 14.% Foster child grant 5.3 Children and adults: 21 years ZAR92 3.5% Care dependency grant 2.9 Children: 17 years ZAR1,6 1.9% Source: Estimates of National Expenditure, 217 The values of the child support, and care and dependency grants show above-inflation growth for the period represented in Table 4, while the opposite growth pattern is observed for the disability and foster care grants. The real value of the old age grant has been maintained over this period. The decline in the real value of the foster care grant relates, in part, to the government s attempts to minimise legal and administrative burdens by converting the foster care grants for orphans into an extended (or higher value) child support grant. The care dependency grant maintains its real value for the year represented in Figure 8. Figure 8: Inflation-adjusted annual growth in key social grants affecting children in South Africa, 213/14 to 217/18 (%): 216/17=1 217/18 216/17 Revised estimate 215/16 214/ Disability Grant -.1 Old Age Grant Care Dependency Grant Foster Care Grant -3.8 Child Support Grant Real annual change % Source: Estimates of National Expenditure 217 Note: Real percentage changes are indicated for 214/15 and 217/18. 1

11 Figure 9 shows that almost 64 per cent of children received the child support grant in 215, and 1.5 per cent of children received the foster care grant during the same period. These estimates were calculated from the General Household Survey (GHS) and as indicated below, the percentage of children who have accessed the foster child grant might be lower than corresponding data provided by the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA). Figure 9: Percentage of children with child support and foster child grants in South Africa in 216 (children aged 17) Percentage of children receiving CSG Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga Northern Cape North West Western Cape South Africa Percentage of children receiving FCG CSG FCG Source: General Household Surveys 216 (own calculations) Note: The actual number of foster child grant recipients reported by SASSA is much larger than the estimated numbers from the GHS 216. At the end of 215, SASSA 6 reported 427,928 grant recipients against an estimated 284,455 recipients in GHS 216. Takeaways: The government has succeeded in maintaining the real value of social grants over the medium term, thus continuing a long-standing practice to protect spending on social grants. Spending on social grants accounts for approximately 95 per cent of the spending in the budget of the national DSD, while roughly 5 per cent of expenditure provides for allocations on the administration of the grant. Key child-specific grants such as the child support and the care dependency grants maintain their positive real value, while grant spending that indirectly benefit children (spending on the old age grant) also grew above inflation. The real decline in the foster care grant relates to attempts to remove orphaned children from this grant and introduce a new child support top up grant, which minimises the administrative and legal burden on the system, while still maintaining an allocation value in line with the existing foster care grant. A substantial number of poor children are receiving the child support grant and more children are expected to be covered over the medium term. The Department of Social Development has committed to reducing overall social grant transaction costs, in line with reduced budgets over the previous baseline. While strong spending on social grants offers protection to poor and vulnerable children, this has often come at the expense of spending on services that are developmental and preventative in orientation. 11

12 Section 4. Decentralisation and the Equity of Social Development Spending UNICEF/Schermbrucker Spending and Allocations on Provincial Social Development Budgets Table 5 indicates that provincial social development departments will spend ZAR19 billion on social welfare services in 217/18 and these joint budgets are projected to grow by.2 per cent on average in real terms over the medium term. These budgets can rightly be regarded as maintenance budgets, and in the interest of better understanding key social welfare sectors, the next section focuses on prevention and early intervention services, ECD and the financing of NPOs. Table 5: Spending trends in provincial social development budgets, 213/14 to 218/19 (ZAR ) ZAR 216/17 Revised estimate 217/18 218/19 219/2 Real change between 216/17 and 217/18 (%) Real average annual change over (%) Eastern Cape 2,41,459 2,632,799 2,83,96 3,21, Free State 1,114,11 1,172,295 1,23,23 1,297, Gauteng 4,271,62 4,442,332 4,698,197 4,982, KwaZulu-Natal 2,767,96 3,41,364 3,181,765 3,382, Limpopo 1,679,839 1,821,36 1,92,534 2,32, Mpumalanga 1,436,91 1,456,9 1,492,946 1,561, Northern Cape 756, , ,6 93, North West 1,392,691 1,532,57 1,64,719 1,745, Western Cape 1,963,864 2,16,974 2,24,487 2,329, Total 17,793,452 19,23,992 2,53,583 21,257, Source: Estimates of Provincial Revenue and Expenditure 217 Spending and Allocations on Programmes: Provincial Social Development Budgets Although prevention and early intervention is central to the social development policy framework, there is a wide variance on spending on relevant services across provinces (Figure 1). This Budget Brief operationalises prevention and early intervention services (PEI) by combining the Care and Services to Families and the Community-based care services for children subprogrammes in the Children and Families programme for each of the nine provincial social development departments. Gauteng spends the largest share of its Children and Families budgets on PEI services (28%), while the Western Cape spends the smallest percentage of its budget on PEI services (7.1%). Similarly-sized Children and Families programme budgets (for example, the Eastern Cape and Limpopo DSDs) do not imply the same level of spending on PEI services (15% vs 26% respectively). 12

13 UNICEF/Schermbrucker Figure 1: Prevention and Early Intervention Services as a percentage of the Children and Families Programme Budget, 217/18 Children and families budget (ZAR million) 2, , 1,5 1, 5 Gauteng 2,1 1,31 KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Eastern Cape Western Cape Mpumalanga Free State North West Northern Cape PEI as a percentage of the children and familes budget Children & families PEI as a percentage of children & families Source: Estimates of Provincial Revenue and Expenditure 217 Spending on ECD services for children aged 4 as a share of total provincial DSD budgets has improved from an average 12 per cent prior to 216/17 to almost 15 per cent for the remainder of the period represented below. The numbers for the period 217/18 are boosted with the introduction of the national ECD conditional grant, which aims to increase the number of ECD centres (and children, therefore) that have access to the ECD subsidy. Table 6: ECD provincial budgets as a percentage of provincial social development budgets, 213/14 to 219/2 Average share between 213/14 and 215/16 216/17 Revised estimate 217/18 218/19 219/2 Eastern Cape 7.1% 1.8% 11.8% 13.% 12.9% Free State 18.6% 19.8% 21.1% 2.3% 19.4% Gauteng 1.5% 1.5% 1.9% 9.9% 9.6% KwaZulu-Natal 1.9% 14.4% 16.4% 16.5% 16.7% Limpopo 14.7% 16.% 17.4% 19.2% 18.6% Mpumalanga 11.7% 18.7% 18.3% 18.3% 18.6% Northern Cape 11.3% 11.2% 11.8% 12.1% 12.% North West 1.3% 1.7% 11.4% 13.7% 13.6% Western Cape 15.5% 14.8% 14.9% 14.9% 14.3% Total 11.7% 13.4% 14.3% 14.5% 14.3% Source: Estimates of Provincial Revenue and Expenditure

14 Overall, the Children and Families budget increases its share of provincial social development budgets from 34 per cent in 213/14 to more than 38 per cent in 217/18. Gauteng has maintained its 47 per cent share, whereas Free State and the Western Cape show declining shares. As reported earlier, the introduction of the ECD conditional grant in 217/18 and expanding allocations on this programme explains part of the growth in the Children and Families budget. Figure 11: Children and families as a % of provincial DSD budgets, 213/14 and 217/18 Percentage of total provincial DSD budget Eastern Cape 39.2 Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga Northern Cape North West Western Cape South Africa 213/14 217/18 Source: Provincial Estimates of Expenditure 217 In absolute terms, Gauteng set aside the largest allocation on the Children and Families budget (almost ZAR2.1 billion) in 217/18, while the Northern Cape made provision for a ZAR275 million budget. When adjusting the allocations for the provincial child populations, the Northern Cape spends about ZAR7 per child, whereas Gauteng spends just under ZAR6 per child, which is to be expected given the large population differences between these provinces. Six provincial departments of social development plan to spend below the national average, which is clearly driven by the large per-child allocations in the Northern Cape and Gauteng. Figure 12: Children and Families allocation per child (ZAR), 217/18 (children aged 17) South Africa 391 Northern Cape Gauteng Free State 53 Mpumalanga 365 Limpopo Western Cape KwaZulu-Natal 319 North West 314 Eastern Cape 291 Per child allocation, ZAR Source: Provincial Estimates of Expenditure 217 and General Household Survey 216 (own calculations) The review of the social welfare sector (Department of Social Development, 216) highlights the centrality of financing for NPOs and the need to bring more stability to NPOs that deliver services to children and families. In 217/18 alone, four provinces plan to spend less on transfers to NPOs that provide services for children, while over the entire period displayed in Figure 12 above, poor and variable funding is common across all provincial DSD budgets. The situation is particularly acute for the Free State and Limpopo. 14

15 Figure 13: Real annual growth of NPO transfers within Children and Families Programmes, 213/14 to 219/2 Eastern Cape 6.9 Free State -4.4 Gauteng 1.6 KwaZulu-Natal.7 Limpopo -2.9 Mpumalanga.9 Northern Cape -2.2 North West 17.4 Western Cape -3.5 South Africa /2 218/19 217/18 216/17 215/16 214/15 Source: Estimates of Provincial Revenue and Expenditure 217 Note: Percentage changes are indicated for 217/18 only. The White Paper Summary Review report identified some of the most pressing challenges facing the financing of NPOs. These issues are: The total funding available to NPOS to deliver services; Differences in NPO financing across provincial departments; In the absence of a finalised policy and financing framework, many NPOS are forced to cut staff and cut back on key service delivery areas; In the context of funding cuts, the report argues that there is a real danger that NPO transfers may be further reduced. Takeaways: Provincial DSD budgets are planned to grow from an allocation of R19 billion in 217/18 to R21 billion at the end of the. Provincial budgets are projected to grow at a real average annual rate of.2 per cent, which is not enough to cope with increasing demands for children services. Spending on ECD budgets continues to grow due to expanding allocations in earlier years and the introduction of a dedicated grant in 217/18. While the growth in ECD budgets is admirable, there are concerns that prevention and early intervention services are not funded at the same level as ECD services. The key programme for children at the provincial level, Children and Families, displays varying per-child spending and three provinces are spending below (an already low) national average in 217/18. Transfers to NPOs that deliver services to children and families, show variable performance and this is particularly worrying in the Free State and North West. 15

16 Section 5. Financing the Social Development Sector UNICEF/Pirozzi In terms of the financing of provincial governments, Section 214 (a-c) of the Constitution 7 makes provision for three revenue sources. These include a vertical division of revenue (among the three spheres of government), a horizontal division of revenue (using a formula to divide resources among provinces), and through special allocations (conditional grants that have strict conditions for their use). Table 7 presents the components and corresponding weights of the provincial revenue-sharing formula. Table 7: Distributing the equitable shares by provinces, 217 Education (48%) Health (27%) Basic share (16%) Poverty (3%) Economic activity (1.%) Institutional (5%) Weighted average Eastern Cape 15.1% 13.5% 12.6% 16.3% 7.6% 11.1% 14.% Free State 5.3% 5.3% 5.1% 5.2% 5.% 11.1% 5.6% Gauteng 18.% 21.8% 24.1% 17.3% 34.3% 11.1% 19.8% KwaZulu-Natal 22.3% 21.7% 19.8% 22.2% 16.1% 11.1% 21.1% Limpopo 13.% 1.3% 1.4% 13.6% 7.1% 11.1% 11.7% Mpumalanga 8.4% 7.3% 7.7% 9.1% 7.5% 11.1% 8.1% Northern Cape 2.3% 2.1% 2.1% 2.2% 2.1% 11.1% 2.7% North West 6.5% 6.7% 6.8% 8.% 6.5% 11.1% 6.9% Western Cape 9.1% 11.3% 11.3% 6.1% 13.6% 11.1% 1.1% Total 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% Source: Budget Review 217 Note: Green represents the highest value, while red represents the lowest value for each component and the total weighted share by province. Box 1 Let s imagine how this formula works in practice. If R1 billion was available to be spent on provinces, then the Eastern Cape provincial government should receive 14% of R1 billion (or R14 billion). Almost half of this money (48%) would have been decided using the education component. That means of the R48 billion decided through the education component, the Eastern Cape government would have received 15.1% of R48 billion (or R7.2 billion). For the health component, the Eastern Cape is entitled to 13.5% of the R27 billion (or R3.6 billion). The formula assumes that the cost of running government is the same for all provinces and the Eastern Cape will receive 11.1% of R11.1 billion (or R1.2 billion). The same calculation is made for all the components; these are tallied and the final shares will be paid over in quarterly instalments during the financial year. 16

17 UNICEF/Pirozzi The White Paper Summary Report argues that the challenges in social development funding could be addressed through a revision of the provincial equitable shares formula. The White Paper Summary Report acknowledges that a change to the formula does not compel provincial treasuries to better fund social welfare services at the subnational level, but provincial DSD could anchor budget bids for better funding of social welfare services by citing the broader intent of the prevised provincial allocation formulae. Two options were presented, namely: (i) increase the existing poverty component because of the implied correlation between poverty and social development expenditures; or (ii) introduce a new social development component (akin to education and health) that allows for some dimension of poverty (such as rurality ) to be considered more explicitly. The White Paper Summary Report argues for the second option and it is believed that these options are under discussion with the National Treasury. All these options will have to be discussed against a background of fiscal space for programmes and services that benefit children. A UNICEF-commissioned study into fiscal space in South Africa 8 has highlighted several issues. Some of the salient findings include: (i) levying taxes on the consumption of luxury goods and introducing the muchdiscussed sugar tax could lead to a sizeable amount of new revenue that could be used to finance priority expenditures in the social services sector; and (ii) building on the ongoing efforts to achieve cost-savings, such as by reducing unnecessary travel, curbing the use of external consultants and generally decreasing spending on non-priority areas that have a poor spending record. This could lead to the better application of resources currently available in the social development sector for the education of children. Takeaways: The policy option to include a social development component in the government s allocation formula holds promise, but advocacy by national and provincial DSD for better funding of social welfare services is still required at the provincial level. The long-assumed fiscal space that existed for the expansion of priority expenditures is constrained and this will force social development authorities to be more effective at delivering key social welfare services. There are several options that can be pursued by the South African government to increase fiscal space for priority expenditures such as child welfare, but it is unclear how local political dynamics will affect such deals and inevitable compromises. 17

18 Endnotes 1 According to the Medium Term Strategic Framework (MTSF) document ( files/mtsf_ pdf), the government defines social protection as an umbrella concept that includes: Social assistance and social welfare services provided by the ten social development departments; Access to basic services at the local government level; Free basic education in 6 per cent of the country s poorest schools; Free health care for pregnant women and children under six; Statutory social insurance policies (such as the Unemployment Insurance Fund); School nutrition and school transport; Active labour market polices to facilitate entry into the labour market; Income support for the working-age poor through public works programmes; The redress of inequalities that are inherent in the system due to apartheid. 2 The government has adopted an s Framework that is based on key issues addressed in the country s National Development Plan and the government s electoral mandate. There are 14 outcomes (including 13 that involves the Social Development Ministry) and the responsible minister is required to report to the President of the Republic of South Africa on progress made in achieving the relevant outcome. 3 The Presidency. The National Development Plan 23: Our future make it work. Pretoria, Government Printers, The Department of Social Development. Summary report on the review of the White Paper for Social Welfare, 1997 Ministerial Committee September 213 to March 216. Pretoria, Government Printers, The data were downloaded from the social indicator website of the World Bank. < indicator/social-expenditure> [accessed 2 July 217]. 6 Data were downloaded from the SASSA website: Fact sheet: Issue no 12 of December 215 A statistical summary of social grants in South Africa: < gov.za/index.php/statistical-reports?start=18> [accessed 13 August 217]. 7 Legally, these constitutional provisions find expression in the annual Division of Revenue Bill/Act that accompanies the main budget documentation at the start of the new financial cycle. The Division of Revenue Bill/Act is particularly helpful in listing in detail the conditions under which conditional grant funding should be used, including reporting requirements and the duration or lifespan of the grant. 8 UNICEF, National political economy analysis and fiscal space profiles of countries in Eastern and Southern Africa: fiscal space analysis South Africa. Rotterdam, UNICEF, 217. UNICEF/Schermbrucker 18

19 United Nations Children s Fund Equity House 659 Pienaar Street Brooklyn Pretoria 181

2018/19. Social Development Budget Brief South Africa

2018/19. Social Development Budget Brief South Africa Social Development Budget Brief South Africa Contents Social Development Budget Brief SOUTH AFRICA Acronyms 1 Preface 2 Key Messages and Recommendations 2 SECTION 1. Introduction 3 Governance and National

More information

South Africa. UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh

South Africa. UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh South Africa UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh MACRO BUDGET SOUTH AFRICA 2017/2018 1 0.5 % Real average annual rate of decline of provincial government financing over the MTEF UNICEF/Bart de Ruigh Preface This budget

More information

South Africa. UNICEF South Africa

South Africa. UNICEF South Africa South Africa UNICEF South Africa Education BUDGET SOUTH AFRICA 2017/2018 1 17% Budget for school children remains at 17% of total government expenditure Preface This budget brief is one of four that explore

More information

Children and South Africa s Budget

Children and South Africa s Budget Children and South Africa s Budget Children and South Africa s Budget 1. Macro context 2. Health 3. Education 4. Social Development 1. MACRO CONTEXT South Africa Key message 1 The nearly 20 million children

More information

BUDGET SOUTH AFRICAN BUDGET: THE MACRO PICTURE. Key messages

BUDGET SOUTH AFRICAN BUDGET: THE MACRO PICTURE. Key messages BUDGET CHILDREN AND THE SOUTH AFRICAN BUDGET: THE MACRO PICTURE UNICEF/Pirozzi Key messages The nearly 2 million children in South Africa account for more than a third of the country s population. South

More information

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND SOCIAL PROTECTION

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND SOCIAL PROTECTION THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Ms Nelisiwe Vilakazi Acting Director General- Ministry of Social Development REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA Global Practitioners Learning Event Oaxaca,

More information

Hands-on. Learning Brief 45. Learning from our implementing partners. University of Cape Town

Hands-on. Learning Brief 45. Learning from our implementing partners. University of Cape Town EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT Hands-on Learning from our implementing partners University of Cape Town Are children s rights prioritised at a time of budget cuts? Assessing the adequacy of the 2013/14 social

More information

IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES USING ADMINISTRATIVE DATA SETS SOCIAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS

IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES USING ADMINISTRATIVE DATA SETS SOCIAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES USING ADMINISTRATIVE DATA SETS SOCIAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS Project 6.2 of the Ten Year Review Research Programme Second draft, 19 June 2003 Dr Ingrid Woolard 1 Introduction

More information

An analysis of training expenditure in the Public Service sector

An analysis of training expenditure in the Public Service sector March 2018 An analysis of training expenditure in the Public Service sector 1. Background and Introduction The Public Service sector in South Africa, comprised of the national and provincial government

More information

2. The Department of Social Development Strategic Plan and the Annual Performance Plan

2. The Department of Social Development Strategic Plan and the Annual Performance Plan REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ON THE BUDGET VOTE 17, THE STRATEGIC PLANS (2015-2019) AND THE ANNUAL PERFORMANCE PLANS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ITS ENTITIES

More information

Analysis of the 2009/10 budgets of the nine provincial departments of Social Development: Are the budgets adequate to implement the Children s Act?

Analysis of the 2009/10 budgets of the nine provincial departments of Social Development: Are the budgets adequate to implement the Children s Act? 28 May 2009 Analysis of the 2009/10 budgets of the nine provincial departments of Social Development: Are the budgets adequate to implement the Children s Act? Debbie Budlender 1 and Paula Proudlock 2

More information

Salary Survey. The Association of South African Quantity Surveyors (ASAQS) March 2017 (Published in October 2017) South African Construction Industry

Salary Survey. The Association of South African Quantity Surveyors (ASAQS) March 2017 (Published in October 2017) South African Construction Industry The Association of South African Quantity Surveyors (ASAQS) Salary Survey March 2017 (Published in October 2017) South African Construction Industry Business Information Services www.industryinsight.co.za

More information

Processes for Financing Public Basic Education in South Africa

Processes for Financing Public Basic Education in South Africa Processes for Financing Public Basic Education in South Africa Final January 2017 Research commissioned by the International Budget Partnership 1 Table of Contents 1 INTRODUCTION... 3 2 RELEVANT LEGISLATION...

More information

Post subsidies in provincial Departments of Social Development. Report prepared by Debbie Budlender

Post subsidies in provincial Departments of Social Development. Report prepared by Debbie Budlender Post subsidies in provincial Departments of Social Development Report prepared by Debbie Budlender April 2017 1 About this study: The care work project was initiated in 2016 by the Shukumisa Campaign in

More information

LESOTHO EDUCATION BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017

LESOTHO EDUCATION BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017 Photography: UNICEF Lesotho/2017 LESOTHO EDUCATION BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017 This budget brief is one of four that explores the extent to which the national budget addresses the education needs of children

More information

Focus on Household and Economic Statistics. Insights from Stats SA publications. Nthambeleni Mukwevho Stats SA

Focus on Household and Economic Statistics. Insights from Stats SA publications. Nthambeleni Mukwevho Stats SA Focus on Household and Economic Statistics Insights from Stats SA publications Nthambeleni Mukwevho Stats SA South African Population Results from CS 2016 Source: CS 2016 EC Household Results from CS 2016

More information

Poverty: Analysis of the NIDS Wave 1 Dataset

Poverty: Analysis of the NIDS Wave 1 Dataset Poverty: Analysis of the NIDS Wave 1 Dataset Discussion Paper no. 13 Jonathan Argent Graduate Student, University of Cape Town jtargent@gmail.com Arden Finn Graduate student, University of Cape Town ardenfinn@gmail.com

More information

PART 1 CHAPTER 2. Economic and Social Value of Social Grants. // Submission for the 2014/15 Division of Revenue

PART 1 CHAPTER 2. Economic and Social Value of Social Grants. // Submission for the 2014/15 Division of Revenue CHAPTER 2 Economic and Social Value of Social Grants 28 CHAPTER 2 2.1 Introduction South Africa is an upper-middle income country based on economic factors (such as GDP per capita or the structure of the

More information

PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SERVICES DPW STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET FOR 2012/13 15 MAY 2012

PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SERVICES DPW STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET FOR 2012/13 15 MAY 2012 PRESENTATION TO THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC SERVICES DPW STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET FOR 2012/13 15 MAY 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS MINISTER S FOREWORD PART A: STRATEGIC OVERVIEW INTRODUCTION AND STRATEGIC

More information

Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in South Africa

Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in South Africa Third International Conference on Conditional Cash Transfers Istanbul, Turkey June 26-30, 2006 Conditional Cash Transfer Programs in South Africa Daniel Plaatjies South African Social Security Agency June

More information

The status of performance management. Consolidated general report on the national and provincial audit outcomes

The status of performance management. Consolidated general report on the national and provincial audit outcomes 4 The status of performance management 57 4. Annual performance reports Figure 1 provides an overview of audit outcomes on the APRs, the APRs submitted with no material misstatements (red line) and the

More information

DIVISION OF REVENUE TO PROVINCES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

DIVISION OF REVENUE TO PROVINCES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT DIVISION OF REVENUE TO PROVINCES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT Presentation to Select Committee on Appropriations Presenter: Wendy Fanoe National Treasury 15 July 2014 Outline Outline of the key steps in the national

More information

Executive summary. Universal social protection to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals

Executive summary. Universal social protection to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals Executive summary Universal social protection to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals 2017 19 Universal social protection to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals Executive summary Social protection,

More information

SOCIAL PROTECTION BUDGET SWAZILAND 2017/2018 HEADLINE MESSAGES. Swaziland

SOCIAL PROTECTION BUDGET SWAZILAND 2017/2018 HEADLINE MESSAGES. Swaziland Swaziland SOCIAL PROTECTION BUDGET SWAZILAND 217/218 Schermbrucker/ UNICEF Swaziland 217 HEADLINE MESSAGES Sixty-three per cent of Swazis lives below the national poverty line. A total of 7% of children

More information

Labour. Labour market dynamics in South Africa, statistics STATS SA STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA

Labour. Labour market dynamics in South Africa, statistics STATS SA STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA Labour statistics Labour market dynamics in South Africa, 2017 STATS SA STATISTICS SOUTH AFRICA Labour Market Dynamics in South Africa 2017 Report No. 02-11-02 (2017) Risenga Maluleke Statistician-General

More information

FUNDING BASIC EDUCATION CHAPTER 2. Daniel McLaren

FUNDING BASIC EDUCATION CHAPTER 2. Daniel McLaren CHAPTER 2 FUNDING BASIC EDUCATION Daniel McLaren 36 Basic Education Rights Handbook Education Rights in South Africa Chapter 2: Funding Basic Education Basic Education Rights Handbook Education Rights

More information

Appendix 13 Outcome 13: An inclusive and responsive social protection system

Appendix 13 Outcome 13: An inclusive and responsive social protection system Appendix 13 Outcome 13: An inclusive and responsive social protection system 1. National Development Plan 2030 vision and trajectory South Africa s NDP 2030 accords a central role to social protection

More information

Strategic Plan 2012/17, Annual Performance Plan and Budget 2012/13

Strategic Plan 2012/17, Annual Performance Plan and Budget 2012/13 Strategic Plan 2012/17 and Annual Performance Plan 2012/13 Strategic Plan 2012/17, Annual Performance Plan and Budget 2012/13 INDEPENDENT POLICE INVESTIGATIVE DIRECTORATE (IPID) Monday, 16 April 2012 BRIEFING

More information

SUMMARY OF THE CHILDREN S BILL COSTING

SUMMARY OF THE CHILDREN S BILL COSTING Centre for Actuarial Research (CARe) SUMMARY OF THE CHILDREN S BILL COSTING Written by Debbie Budlender Children s Institute and Centre for Actuarial Research, University of Cape Town November 2006 Why

More information

Housing backlog: Protests and the demand for Housing in South Africa BY ESTERI MSINDO PSAM

Housing backlog: Protests and the demand for Housing in South Africa BY ESTERI MSINDO PSAM Housing backlog: Protests and the demand for Housing in South Africa BY ESTERI MSINDO PSAM Housing delivery law and regulation Section 26 of the constitution stipulates that everyone has the right to adequate

More information

LESOTHO SOCIAL ASSISTANCE BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017

LESOTHO SOCIAL ASSISTANCE BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017 Photography: UNICEF Lesotho/2017/Schermbrucker LESOTHO SOCIAL ASSISTANCE BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017 This budget brief is one of four that explores the extent to which the national budget addresses the

More information

1. INTRODUCTION 2. OVERVIEW OF POLICY PRIORITIES FOR 2016/17

1. INTRODUCTION 2. OVERVIEW OF POLICY PRIORITIES FOR 2016/17 REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON COOPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS ON THE ANNUAL PERFORMANCE PLAN AND BUDGET VOTE 4 OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COOPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS

More information

The cidb Quarterly Monitor. T h e C o n s t r u c t i o n I n d u s t r y D e v e l o p m e n t B o a r d Development Through Partnership

The cidb Quarterly Monitor. T h e C o n s t r u c t i o n I n d u s t r y D e v e l o p m e n t B o a r d Development Through Partnership THE ECONOMICS OF CONSTRUCTION IN SOUTH AFRICA The cidb Quarterly Monitor T h e C o n s t r u c t i o n I n d u s t r y D e v e l o p m e n t B o a r d Development Through Partnership OCTOBER 2012 Acknowledgements:

More information

Provincial Budgeting and Financial Management

Provincial Budgeting and Financial Management Provincial Budgeting and Financial Management Presentation to Select Committee on Appropriations Presenter: Edgar Sishi National Treasury 15 July 2014 INTRODUCTION Provincial functions are assigned by

More information

New allocations for ARV treatment: An analysis of 2004/5 national budget from an HIV/AIDS perspective

New allocations for ARV treatment: An analysis of 2004/5 national budget from an HIV/AIDS perspective IDASA - Budget Information Service New allocations for ARV treatment: An analysis of 2004/5 national budget from an HIV/AIDS perspective 31 May 2004 Alison Hickey AIDS Budget Unit http://www.idasa.org.za/bis/

More information

Sharing the Cake: A Review of Provincial Equitable Share Formula in South Africa

Sharing the Cake: A Review of Provincial Equitable Share Formula in South Africa Sharing the Cake: A Review of Provincial Equitable Share Formula in South Africa M. Govinda Rao and Bongani Khumalo The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and not the Financial

More information

ADDRESSING PUBLIC PRIVATE SECTOR INEQUALITIES PROFESSOR EMERITUS YOSUF VERIAVA

ADDRESSING PUBLIC PRIVATE SECTOR INEQUALITIES PROFESSOR EMERITUS YOSUF VERIAVA ADDRESSING PUBLIC PRIVATE SECTOR INEQUALITIES PROFESSOR EMERITUS YOSUF VERIAVA HEALTH INEQUALITY AND INEQUITY Disparity: Is there a difference in the health status rates between population groups? Inequality:

More information

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL AGEING POLICY

UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL AGEING POLICY UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL AGEING POLICY MINISTRY OF LABOUR, YOUTH DEVELOPMENT AND SPORTS September, 2003 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE PAGE 1. INTRODUCTION. 1 1.1 Concept and meaning of old

More information

A comprehensive view of the state of the residential rental market in South Africa Q JAN - MAR

A comprehensive view of the state of the residential rental market in South Africa Q JAN - MAR A comprehensive view of the state of the residential rental market in South Africa JAN - MAR PayProp Rental Index Quarterly The current downward trend in the South African economy appears to be taking

More information

1. INTRODUCTION VIVIENE TAYLOR 1

1. INTRODUCTION VIVIENE TAYLOR 1 THE INSTITUTIONAL AND DEVELOPMENTAL IMPACT OF CASH GRANTS: IS SOUTH AFRICA TRANSFORMING SOCIAL POLICY? PREPARED FOR THE FINANCIAL AND FISCAL COMMISSION VIVIENE TAYLOR 1 1. INTRODUCTION Central to overall

More information

SECTION 2: OVERVIEW OF AUDIT OUTCOMES. Consolidated general report on national and provincial audit outcomes for

SECTION 2: OVERVIEW OF AUDIT OUTCOMES. Consolidated general report on national and provincial audit outcomes for SECTION 2: OVERVIEW OF AUDIT OUTCOMES 45 Consolidated general report on national and provincial audit outcomes for 204-5 Figure : Slight improvement in audit outcomes (all auditees) 7% (76) 28% (3) 26%

More information

Fourth ASISA Insurance Gap Study (performed by True South Actuaries & Consultants)

Fourth ASISA Insurance Gap Study (performed by True South Actuaries & Consultants) Fourth ASISA Insurance Gap Study (performed by True South Actuaries & Consultants) October 2016 Agenda (A trillion has 12 zeros) Agenda (A trillion has 12 zeros) within the SA population landscape 55 million

More information

Universal Social Protection

Universal Social Protection Universal Social Protection Universal pensions in South Africa Older Persons Grant South Africa is ranked as an upper-middle income country but characterized by high poverty incidence and inequality among

More information

Ensuring The Effective Participation Of Each Sphere Of Government In The Processes And Structures That Determine Intergovernmental Fiscal Arrangements

Ensuring The Effective Participation Of Each Sphere Of Government In The Processes And Structures That Determine Intergovernmental Fiscal Arrangements Ensuring The Effective Participation Of Each Sphere Of Government In The Processes And Structures That Determine Intergovernmental Fiscal Arrangements Jackie Manche, Chief Executive Officer, Independent

More information

The Presidency Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation

The Presidency Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation The Presidency Department of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation Briefing to the Standing Committee on Appropriations on the Strategic Plan and Annual Performance Plan for the 2012/13 financial year

More information

REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON ARTS AND CULTURE ON BUDGET VOTE 37: DEPARTMENT OF ARTS AND CULTURE, DATED 14 MAY 2015

REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON ARTS AND CULTURE ON BUDGET VOTE 37: DEPARTMENT OF ARTS AND CULTURE, DATED 14 MAY 2015 REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON ARTS AND CULTURE ON BUDGET VOTE 37: DEPARTMENT OF ARTS AND CULTURE, DATED 14 MAY 2015 The Portfolio Committee on Arts and Culture, having considered the 2015/16 budget

More information

SUPPLIER REGISTRATION & ACCREDITATION FORM. Registered name: Trading as name of business: Products &/ services offered:

SUPPLIER REGISTRATION & ACCREDITATION FORM. Registered name: Trading as name of business: Products &/ services offered: Tel: +27 (0) 12 366 2600 Fax: +27 (0) 12 366 2601 161 Lynnwood Road Cnr Duncan & Lynnwood Road Brooklyn 0181 PO Box 13186 Hatfield Gauteng Republic of South Africa wwwsamsaorgza SUPPLIER REGISTRATION &

More information

MALAWI. 2016/17 Social Welfare Budget Brief. March 2017 KEY MESSAGES

MALAWI. 2016/17 Social Welfare Budget Brief. March 2017 KEY MESSAGES March 2017 MALAWI Social Welfare Budget Brief KEY MESSAGES Overall Budget for the Ministry of Gender, Children, Disability and Social Welfare (MoGCDSW) declined by 15% in nominal terms and 38% in real

More information

The Provision and Funding of Child Welfare Services in South Africa

The Provision and Funding of Child Welfare Services in South Africa The Provision and Funding of Child Welfare Services in South Africa For an Equitable Sharing of National Revenue For an Equitable Sharing of National Revenue The Provision and Funding of Child Welfare

More information

Estimating a poverty line: An application to free basic municipal services in South Africa

Estimating a poverty line: An application to free basic municipal services in South Africa Estimating a poverty line: An application to free basic municipal services in South Africa Development Policy Research Unit Haroon Bhorat Development Policy Research Unit haroon.bhorat@uct.ac.za Morne

More information

economic growth QUARTERLY DATA SERIES

economic growth QUARTERLY DATA SERIES ISSUE 8 December 2016 PROVINCIAL economic growth QUARTERLY DATA SERIES introduction The Quarterly Economic Review is a statistical release compiled by the Eastern Cape Socio Economic Consultative Council

More information

Content. 05 May Memorandum. Ministry of Health and Social Affairs Sweden. Strategic Social Reporting 2015 Sweden

Content. 05 May Memorandum. Ministry of Health and Social Affairs Sweden. Strategic Social Reporting 2015 Sweden Memorandum 05 May 2015 Ministry of Health and Social Affairs Sweden Strategic Social Reporting 2015 Sweden Content 1. Introduction... 2 2. Delivering on the Europe 2020 objective to combat poverty and

More information

Business Partners Limited SME Confidence Index

Business Partners Limited SME Confidence Index Business Partners Limited SME Confidence Index Fourth Quarter of 2017: October December Issued February 2018 1 RATIONALE FOR THE BUSINESS PARTNERS LIMITED SME CONFIDENCE INDEX SMEs are often punted as

More information

Equity in Public Sector Health Care Financing and Expenditure in South Africa: An Analysis of Trends between 1995/96 to 2000/01

Equity in Public Sector Health Care Financing and Expenditure in South Africa: An Analysis of Trends between 1995/96 to 2000/01 Equity in Public Sector Health Care Financing and Expenditure in South Africa: An Analysis of Trends between 1995/96 to 2000/01 Technical Report to Chapter 4 of the South African Health Review 1998 Equity

More information

REVIEW OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT EQUITABLE SHARE FORMULA

REVIEW OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT EQUITABLE SHARE FORMULA T In partnership with: REVIEW OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT EQUITABLE SHARE FORMULA Parliament 19 February 2013 INTRODUCING THE NEW FORMULA Structure of the presentation 2 Background to the formula and review

More information

The National Credit Act and the National Credit Regulator

The National Credit Act and the National Credit Regulator The National Credit Act and the National Credit Regulator National Credit Act Act No. 34 of 2005 The purposes of this Act is to promote and advance the social and economic welfare of South Africans, promote

More information

Social security and retirement reform a progress report

Social security and retirement reform a progress report Social security and retirement reform a progress report Andrew R Donaldson, National Treasury 2008 Pension Lawyers Association Conference 17 March 2008 Interdepartmental task team: work agenda Social assistance

More information

Education Budget Brief 2016

Education Budget Brief 2016 Education Budget Brief 2016 Public Service Accountability Monitor Eastern Cape, South Africa Zukiswa Kota Budget Brief: Education 2016/17 June 2016 Zukiswa Kota Monitoring and Advocacy Programme Public

More information

Submission on the Function Shift of Further Education and Training (FET)

Submission on the Function Shift of Further Education and Training (FET) Submission on the Function Shift of Further Education and Training (FET) For an Equitable Sharing of National Revenue. 3 DECEMBER 2013 Financial and Fiscal Commission Montrose Place (2 nd Floor), Bekker

More information

1.1 THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (NDP)

1.1 THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (NDP) REPORT OF THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON LABOUR ON BUDGET VOTE 28: LABOUR AND ON THE STRATEGIC PLANS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR (2014/15 2018/19) AND ITS ENTITIES, DATED 6 MAY 2015 The Portfolio Committee

More information

Scrutiny Timetable The Scottish Government s Draft Budget is subject to scrutiny by the Scottish Parliament Finance Committee, before being

Scrutiny Timetable The Scottish Government s Draft Budget is subject to scrutiny by the Scottish Parliament Finance Committee, before being The Scottish Government Draft Dudget 2016-17 Summary of provisions relevant to voluntary sector care and support providers A briefing from CCPS Coalition of Care and Support Providers Scotland Introduction

More information

Expanded Public Works Programme

Expanded Public Works Programme Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP) Overview of EPWP Phase 2 Second Economy Strategy 29 September 2008 Sector Analysis: Infrastructure Meeting job targets but jobs are too short Use of labour-intensive

More information

ECONOMIC GROWTH PROVINCIAL INTRODUCTION QUARTERLY DATA SERIES

ECONOMIC GROWTH PROVINCIAL INTRODUCTION QUARTERLY DATA SERIES ISSUE 7 OCTOBER 2016 PROVINCIAL QUARTERLY DATA SERIES ECONOMIC GROWTH INTRODUCTION The Quarterly Economic Review is a statistical release compiled by the Eastern Cape Socio Economic Consultative Council

More information

The National Credit Act and the National Credit Regulator

The National Credit Act and the National Credit Regulator The National Credit Act and the National Credit Regulator National Credit Act Act No. 34 of 2005 The purposes of this Act is to promote and advance the social and economic welfare of South Africans, promote

More information

Monitoring the Performance of the South African Labour Market

Monitoring the Performance of the South African Labour Market Monitoring the Performance of the South African Labour Market An overview of the South African labour market from 1 of 2009 to of 2010 August 2010 Contents Recent labour market trends... 2 A brief labour

More information

Portfolio Committee on Public Service and Administration as well as Planning Monitoring and Evaluation

Portfolio Committee on Public Service and Administration as well as Planning Monitoring and Evaluation Portfolio Committee on Public Service and Administration as well as Planning Monitoring and Evaluation REPORT ON BUDGET VOTE 8: DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING, MONITORING AND EVALUATION 1. BACKGROUND The Portfolio

More information

Presentation of the Strategic Plan and APP April 2015

Presentation of the Strategic Plan and APP April 2015 The Presidency: Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Presentation of the Strategic Plan 2015-2020 and APP 2015-2016 15 April 2015 Structure of the Presentation 1. Background to the DPME 2.

More information

Prepared by cde Khwezi Mabasa ( FES Socio-economic Transformation Programme Manager) JANUARY 2016

Prepared by cde Khwezi Mabasa ( FES Socio-economic Transformation Programme Manager) JANUARY 2016 Prepared by cde Khwezi Mabasa ( FES Socio-economic Transformation Programme Manager) JANUARY 2016 Political Context: Social Democratic Values Social policy and the access to basic public goods are the

More information

The global economic crisis and child well being in South Africa: summary results

The global economic crisis and child well being in South Africa: summary results The global economic crisis and child well being in South Africa: summary results George Laryea Adjei, UNICEF Ramos Mabugu, FFC Thabani Buthelezi, DSD 15 August 2011 Issues covered here: Introduction South

More information

Rwanda. UNICEF/Till Muellenmeister. Health Budget Brief

Rwanda. UNICEF/Till Muellenmeister. Health Budget Brief Rwanda UNICEF/Till Muellenmeister Health Budget Brief Investing in children s health in Rwanda 217/218 Health Budget Brief: Investing in children s health in Rwanda 217/218 United Nations Children s Fund

More information

COMPREHENSIVE SOCIAL SECURITY IN SOUTH AFRICA. Department of Social Development. November 2016

COMPREHENSIVE SOCIAL SECURITY IN SOUTH AFRICA. Department of Social Development. November 2016 COMPREHENSIVE SOCIAL SECURITY IN SOUTH AFRICA Department of Social Development November 2016 Briefing the NEDLAC Executive Council on Comprehensive social security and Retirement Reform proposals Process

More information

IMPROVING PUBLIC FINANCING FOR NUTRITION SECTOR IN TANZANIA

IMPROVING PUBLIC FINANCING FOR NUTRITION SECTOR IN TANZANIA INN VEX UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA MINISTRY OF FINANCE IMPROVING PUBLIC FINANCING FOR NUTRITION SECTOR IN TANZANIA Policy Brief APRIL 2014 1 Introduction and background Malnutrition in Tanzania remains

More information

Table 1 sets out national accounts information from 1994 to 2001 and includes the consumer price index and the population for these years.

Table 1 sets out national accounts information from 1994 to 2001 and includes the consumer price index and the population for these years. WHAT HAPPENED TO THE DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME IN SOUTH AFRICA BETWEEN 1995 AND 2001? Charles Simkins University of the Witwatersrand 22 November 2004 He read each wound, each weakness clear; And struck his

More information

GHS Series Volume I. Social Grants

GHS Series Volume I. Social Grants Statistical release GHS Series Volume I Social Grants In-depth analysis of the General Household Survey data 2003 2007 Embargoed until: 23 July 2009 12:00 Enquiries: Forthcoming issue: Expected release

More information

South African Human Rights Commission

South African Human Rights Commission South African Human Rights Commission Presentation on Strategic Plan and Annual Performance Plan to the Portfolio Committee on Justice & Constitutional Development 1 OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION PART A: OVERVIEW

More information

Rwanda. Till Muellenmeister. Health Budget Brief

Rwanda. Till Muellenmeister. Health Budget Brief Rwanda Till Muellenmeister Health Budget Brief Investing in children s health in Rwanda 217/218 Health Budget Brief: Investing in children s health in Rwanda 217/218 United Nations Children s Fund (UNICEF)

More information

STRIKING THE RIGHT BALANCE IN REGULATION AND SUPERVISION OF DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS

STRIKING THE RIGHT BALANCE IN REGULATION AND SUPERVISION OF DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS STRIKING THE RIGHT BALANCE IN REGULATION AND SUPERVISION OF DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS The South African Experience Global Symposium on Development Finance Institutions Presenter: Anthony Julies,

More information

1. Introduction 2. DOMESTIC ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS. 2.1 Economic performance in South Africa ISBN: SECOND QUARTER 2013

1. Introduction 2. DOMESTIC ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS. 2.1 Economic performance in South Africa ISBN: SECOND QUARTER 2013 November 2013 ISBN: 978-1-920493-99-8 SECOND QUARTER 2013 1. Introduction The Quarterly Economic Update for the second quarter of 2013 (2Q2013) has been expanded and contains a range of new indicators.

More information

Challenges and dilemmas in implementing the Child Support Grant policy in South Africa.

Challenges and dilemmas in implementing the Child Support Grant policy in South Africa. Challenges and dilemmas in implementing the Child Support Grant policy in South Africa. Prepared by: R.M. Mthethwa University of Pretoria Republic of South Africa 9 th Annual SPMA International Conference

More information

REPORT OF THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON FINANCE ON THE PROVINCIAL TREASURIES EXPENDITURE REVIEW FOR THE 2014/15 FINANCIAL YEAR, DATED 14 OCTOBER 2015

REPORT OF THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON FINANCE ON THE PROVINCIAL TREASURIES EXPENDITURE REVIEW FOR THE 2014/15 FINANCIAL YEAR, DATED 14 OCTOBER 2015 REPORT OF THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON FINANCE ON THE PROVINCIAL TREASURIES EXPENDITURE REVIEW FOR THE 2014/15 FINANCIAL YEAR, DATED 14 OCTOBER 2015 1. Introduction and Background The Select Committee on Finance

More information

The National Development Agency (NDA)

The National Development Agency (NDA) 1 111 Kerk Street Johannesburg 2000 P.O. Box 5965 Johannesburg Tel/Fax 011 333 8165 Cell: 071 130 8867 This document is also contained in our website: www.saacso.org.za under overlapping efforts and failure

More information

Creating South Africa s leading financial services institution

Creating South Africa s leading financial services institution Creating South Africa s leading financial services institution - Slide #1 - Johan van Zyl, CEO Sanlam Johan van Zyl, CEO Sanlam Unlocking value for shareholders - Slide #2 - Transaction based on Transaction

More information

OFFICE OF THE COORDINATING MINISTER FOR ECONOMIC AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

OFFICE OF THE COORDINATING MINISTER FOR ECONOMIC AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA OFFICE OF THE COORDINATING MINISTER FOR ECONOMIC AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA PRESS RELEASE The Draft 2007 : Building Hope for a Brighter Future Jakarta, 16 August 2006 The Draft 2007 represents

More information

Quarterly Labour Force Survey Q1:2018

Quarterly Labour Force Survey Q1:2018 Quarterly Labour Force Survey Q1:2018 Faizel Mohammed Stats SA discouraged work seekers The labour market Q1:2018 37,7 million People of working age in South Africa (15 64 year olds) Labour force 22,4

More information

CONSTRUCTION MONITOR Transformation Q4 2017

CONSTRUCTION MONITOR Transformation Q4 2017 CONSTRUCTION MONITOR Transformation Q4 2017 CIDB CONSTRUCTION MONITOR TRANSFORMATION; JANUARY 2018 1. Introduction 1 2. Transformation of the Construction Industry 2 2.1 Background and Context 2 2.2 A

More information

MYANMAR S FIRST NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY: A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY FOR MYANMAR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES

MYANMAR S FIRST NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY: A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY FOR MYANMAR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES MYANMAR S FIRST NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY: A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY FOR MYANMAR CHILDREN AND FAMILIES Cristina Roccella OVERALL POVERTY PICTURE Population heavily clustered around the poverty line

More information

CHAPTER 03. A Modern and. Pensions System

CHAPTER 03. A Modern and. Pensions System CHAPTER 03 A Modern and Sustainable Pensions System 24 Introduction 3.1 A key objective of pension policy design is to ensure the sustainability of the system over the longer term. Financial sustainability

More information

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANT

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANT TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR INTERNATIONAL CONSULTANT Title: Countries: Duration: Analysis and Advocacy for Child-Centred Budgeting Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland 40 working days, spread

More information

I look forward to an informative panel discussion and hear your views around this topic. Thank you

I look forward to an informative panel discussion and hear your views around this topic. Thank you Remarks by Daniel Mminele, Deputy Governor, South African Reserve Bank, at the Institute of International Finance (IIF) High Level Public-Private Sector Conference, The G20 Agenda under the Australian

More information

Further ambitious social reforms are being proposed to tackle poverty, growth and inequality problems. The National Health Insurance

Further ambitious social reforms are being proposed to tackle poverty, growth and inequality problems. The National Health Insurance Chapter 2 Inclusive Growth, Development and Fiscal Policy 2.1 Introduction South Africa experienced a long period of economic decline in the last decades of apartheid (1985 1994). In the immediate postapartheid

More information

The need to include a rights-based approach to Social Protection in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

The need to include a rights-based approach to Social Protection in the Post-2015 Development Agenda HAUT-COMMISSARIAT AUX DROITS DE L HOMME OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS PALAIS DES NATIONS 1211 GENEVA 10, SWITZERLAND www.ohchr.org TEL: +41 22 917 9000 FAX: +41 22 917 9008 E-MAIL: srextremepoverty

More information

LESOTHO HEALTH BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017

LESOTHO HEALTH BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017 @UNICEF/Lesotho/CLThomas2016 LESOTHO HEALTH BUDGET BRIEF 1 NOVEMBER 2017 This budget brief is one of four that explores the extent to which the national budget addresses the needs of the health of Lesotho

More information

Municipal Infrastructure Grant Baseline Study

Municipal Infrastructure Grant Baseline Study Municipal Infrastructure Grant Baseline Study August 2008 Published July 2009 Disclaimer This Research Report for the Municipal Infrastructure Grant (MIG) Baseline Study has been prepared using information

More information

STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET 2013 TO 2016 MUNICIPAL DEMARCATION BOARD

STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET 2013 TO 2016 MUNICIPAL DEMARCATION BOARD STRATEGIC PLAN AND BUDGET 2013 TO 2016 MUNICIPAL DEMARCATION BOARD BRIEFING TO THE PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE ON COOPERATIVE GOVERNANCE AND TRADITIONAL AFFAIRS 19 MARCH 2013 DELEGATION Mr LJ Mahlangu Chairperson:

More information

NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION: NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN unemployment levels are high among matriculants and even among those with tertiary education.

NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION: NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN unemployment levels are high among matriculants and even among those with tertiary education. CHAPTER 11: SOCIAL PROTECTION Chapter 11 SOCIAL PROTECTION We live in a country where everybody feels free, yet bounded to others. The welfare of each of us is the welfare of all. Introduction As the world

More information

Rwanda. UNICEF/Mugwiza. Social Protection Budget Brief

Rwanda. UNICEF/Mugwiza. Social Protection Budget Brief Rwanda UNICEF/Mugwiza Social Protection Budget Brief Investing in inclusiveness in Rwanda 218/219 Social Protection Budget Brief: Investing in inclusiveness in Rwanda 218/219 United Nations Children s

More information

Portfolio Committee on Energy

Portfolio Committee on Energy Portfolio Committee on Energy Briefing Integrated National Electrification Programme (INEP) 26 August 2014 Context & Purpose Previous briefings to PC on INEP DoE in September 2013 Salga and DoE in February

More information

Rwanda. UNICEF/Gonzalo Bell. Education Budget Brief

Rwanda. UNICEF/Gonzalo Bell. Education Budget Brief Rwanda Education Budget Brief Investing in child education in Rwanda 217/218 Education Budget Brief: Investing in child education in Rwanda 217/218 United Nations Children s Fund (UNICEF) Rwanda November

More information

Wits School of Governance

Wits School of Governance Wits School of Governance Prof Alex van den Heever Chair in the Field of Social Security Alex.vandenheever@wits.ac.za Maputo Social Protection Colloquium Launch Lecture 1 September 2014 ECONOMICS OF SOCIAL

More information

Open-Ended Working Group on Ageing Guiding Questions

Open-Ended Working Group on Ageing Guiding Questions 1 Open-Ended Working Group on Ageing Guiding Questions 1. Equality and Non-Discrimination 1.1. Does your country s constitution and/or legislation (a) guarantee equality explicitly for older persons or

More information